The 1980s and 1990s saw the spread of non-majoritarian regulatory organisations at the national, European and international levels. Powers were delegated to independent national regulatory agencies, courts, self-regulatory bodies and supra-national organisations such as the EC Commission and WTO. The workshop examined how these non-majoritarian organisations have behaved and affected regulatory politics. It looked at how they have altered the distribution of power and relationships between state and private actors, and within the state, between government, independent regulatory agencies and courts. It raised issues of how non-majoritarian regulators gain accountability and legitimacy through new decision-making processes and transparency.