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Events

The III events bring some of the world's biggest academic names to the LSE to explore the challenge of global inequality. See below for upcoming events.

Upcoming events Lent Term 2018

Shapiro - Toxic Inequality

Toxic Inequality in the United States: economic inequality and racial injustice driving ugly politics

Speaker: Professor Thomas Shapiro (Brandeis University)

Discussant: Zamila Bunglawala (Race Disparity Unit, Cabinet Office)

Chair: Professor Lucinda Platt (LSE Social Policy)

18th January, 6.30-8pm, Hong Kong Theatre

This lecture will be based on Thomas Shapiro's book Toxic Inequality, which examines a powerful and unprecedented convergence in the United States: historic and rising levels of wealth and income inequality in an era of stalled mobility, intersecting with a widening racial wealth gap, all against the backdrop of changing racial and ethnic demographics.

This event is funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation.

will-bartlett

Inequalities Seminar: Income Inequality and Welfare Systems in the Yugoslav Successor States

Speakers: Dr Will Bartlett (LSEE Research on South East Europe), Dr Nermin Oruč (Center for Development Evaluation and Social Science Research, Sarajevo), Dr Jelena Žarković Rakic (University of Belgrade) and Dr Gorana Krstić (University of Belgrade)

23rd January, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

Twenty-five years since the break up of Yugoslavia, the successor states record different levels of income inequality. Slovenia has one of the lowest levels of inequality in Europe, Serbia the highest, while Croatia has an intermediate position. Using the latest survey data (the EU-standard SILC survey on incomes and living conditions) we explore the sources of income that are most important for explaining the emergent income inequalities. Has redistribution through taxes and social transfers been a main cause of differences in disposable income inequality or have differences in the distribution of labour and capital incomes been the main factors involved? How much has inequality been affected by the transitions from a self-managed socialist economy to different varieties of capitalist economies? What has been the role of differing welfare regimes in explaining todays varying inequality levels?

Ground down by growth

Neoliberalism, Social Oppression and Class Relations

25th January, 1pm-8pm, TW2.9.04 and Old Theatre

The LSE International Inequalities Institute and the Department of Anthropology welcome you on 25 January 2018 to a half day conference on ‘Neoliberalism, Social Oppression and Class Relations’ with Philippe Bourgois (keynote lecture), Jeffery Webber, Shelley Feldman, Tithi Bhatacharya and Beverley Skeggs (1-6pm, Room 9.04, Tower 2, Clements Inn, LSE) and an LSE public event evening panel discussion of ‘Ground Down by Growth: Tribe, Caste, Class and Inequality in 21st Century India' with Alpa Shah, Jens Lerche, Philippe Bourgois and Katy Gardner (6.30-8.00 pm followed by a drinks reception, Old Theatre, Old Building, LSE)

For further details and to get your free ticket for the conference, please see: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/neoliberalism-social-oppression-and-class-relations-tickets-40939389817

Please note that everyone is welcome to attend LSE public events on a first come-first serve basis, so to avoid disappointment, come early to the Old Theatre for the evening discussion.

Sonia Exley

Inequalities Seminar: Selective schooling and its relationship to private tutoring: lessons from South Korea

Speaker: Dr Sonia Exley (LSE Social Policy)

30th January, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

In light of recent Conservative Government proposals to expand numbers of academically selective (‘grammar’) schools in England, this paper considers the possibility that such a policy could fuel further what are already rising levels of private tutoring in England, with implications for inequality and for disadvantaged families. One way to explore such a possibility is to examine whether selective schooling has been important in driving private tutoring trends in other societies. The paper draws on interviews with experts and stakeholders in the ‘extreme case’ of South Korea – a country with some of the highest family spending on private tutoring in the world and also a long history of selective schooling. Interviewees for this project were in many respects critical of a 1970s ‘equalisation’ of Korean schooling, though they also viewed recent moves back towards selection as being instrumental in fuelling ‘shadow education’. Concern about this issue has driven governments to try and curb schools’ selective powers for a second time in Korean history. Although Korea and England are two different countries with different education systems, there are some reasons to hypothesise on the basis of Korean experience that expanded selective schooling in England may contribute to an expanded private tutoring industry. 

Akwugo Emejulu

Crisis Politics and the Challenge of Intersectional Solidarity

Co-hosted with Department of Gender Studies

Speaker: Professor Akwugo Emejulu (University of Warwick)

Chair: Professor Clare Hemmings

31st January 2018, 6.30-8pm, Old Theatre

How might we transform the ways in which we think about ‘crisis’, ‘activism’ and 'solidarity'?

Drawing on her new co-authored book, Minority Women and Austerity: Survival and Resistance in France and Britain, Akwugo Emejulu's talk will explore the asymmetrical impacts of austerity measures on women of colour and their strategies for resistance in Scotland, England and France.

Elisa-Reis

Changes and Continuities in Perceptions of Poverty and Inequality among Brazilian Elites

Speaker: Professor Elisa Reis (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)

7 February 2018, 6.30-8.30pm, Old Theatre

Having researched elite perceptions in Brazil in the 2010s, Reis discusses changes and continuities in the ways those at the top view poverty and inequality, and explores their possible implications for social policy. 

Climate Change Image

Having Too Much: Developing a Riches line

Speaker: Ingrid Robeyns (Utrecht University)

15 February, 12-1.30pm, Venue tbc

This seminar will present the argument that it is not morally permissible to have more resources than are needed to fully flourish in life. It is instrumentally necessary to limit ‘riches’ above this level to protect political equality and to meet urgent needs. Some indications are given on how such a riches line might be defined. 

Sarah Goff

Inequalities Seminar: The stakes of trade policy: global and domestic inequalities

Speaker: Dr Sarah Goff (LSE Government)

20 February 2018, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

Economic nationalism is on the rise, while multilateral and regional decision-making on trade is floundering. These trends are highlighted by the collapse of the World Trade Organization’s Doha round, the US’s withdrawal from the Trans-Pacific Partnership, and the US and the UK taking steps that could lead to withdrawal from Nafta and the Common Market, respectively. When decision-making on trade shifts from multilateral institutions to states, what is at stake for equality? One domain of equality is procedural fairness, namely, “reciprocity” and “non-discrimination” between states. A second domain is domestic equality, since political leaders claim that better trade deals will help disadvantaged groups. A final domain is global distributive equality, which includes developing countries’ chances for growth and the treatment of their most vulnerable citizens. This talk clarifies the points of conflict between these three domains of equality, and the prospects for global distributive equality while the first two domains have political priority.

LSE Festival: Beveridge 2.0 - Monday 19 - Saturday 24 February 2018

Cross Themes

Identity and the Welfare State: evolving challenges for sustaining social solidarity 

Speakers: Professor Xenia Chryssochoou, Professor Peter Dwyer, David Goodhart, Celestin Okoroji

19 February, 6.30-7.30pm, New Academic Building

Central to the promise of the Beveridge Report is the assumption of social solidarity: we need a cohesive society to support social protection, and the resulting shared safety net should increase cohesion even further. Yet as the country and its welfare state evolved, so did the social bonds on which they depended. Given what we know about human behaviour and experience, what prospect is there for the level of solidarity needed to carry Beveridge’s vision into the twenty-first century? 

Education and skills

Bridging the Gap: social mobility, university and access to careers

20 February, 6.15-7.15pm, New Academic Building 2.04

In public policy, university has often been seen as a one-stop shop for social mobility. Recent research, though, shows that a student’s background before entering university affects their destination once they graduate. Students from ‘disadvantaged’ backgrounds earn less and have less access to the ‘traditional’ professions than their peers from a more advantaged background, even controlling for degree outcome. The panel will explore these issues, bringing together academics, employers, professionals working in the area and students themselves to consider why such inequality persists and what, if anything, can be done about it.

Challenges of poverty

Beveridge Rebooted: a basic income for every citizen?

Speakers: Professor John Kay, Professor Philippe Van Parijs, Dr Malcolm Torry, Polly Toynbee

Chair: Dr Enkeleida Tahiraj

20 February, 6.30-7.45pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

Discussion of a Basic Income – an unconditional, nonwithdrawable income for every individual (and sometimes called a Citizen’s Income, a Citizen’s Basic Income, or a Universal Basic Income) – is now a mainstream global social policy debate.

This event will bring together key figures on different sides of that debate – Professor Philippe Van Parijs from the University of Louvain, and Professor John Kay of the University of Oxford – to debate the motion: ‘This house believes that if the Beveridge Report were being written today then it would have recommended a Basic Income’. Before they speak, Dr Malcolm Torry, a Visiting Senior Fellow at LSE, and Director of the Citizen’s Basic Income Trust, will briefly define a Basic Income; and at the end of the debate the Guardian columnist Polly Toynbee will offer her reflections on the event and on the wider debate about Basic Income.

Beveridge 2.0

The Challenge of Richness? Rethinking the Giant of Poverty

Speakers: Dr Tania Burchardt (LSE CASE), Amy Feneck, Dr Sam Friedman (LSE Sociology), Dr Luna Glucksberg (LSE III)

Chair: Professor Mike Savage (LSE Sociology)

20 February, 8-9.15pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

The economic and political power of the richest in our society has dramatically increased since 1942. 75 years on since his report, the panel will discuss whether Beveridge’s concern with poverty now needs to be extended to include a concern with richness.

Louise and Winnie

Writing Fiction to Dramatise Inequality

Speakers: Louise Doughty (author of Apple Tree YardBlack Water, and Whatever You Love), Winnie M Li (LSE Media and Communications and author of Dark Chapter), Professor Nicola Lacey (LSE Law)

Chair: Dr Shani Orgad (LSE Media and Communications)

21 February, 7-8pm, Wolfson Theatre

How can literature reach audiences in ways that social science research about inequality can’t? How can narratives about fictional characters dramatise lived experiences of social inequality – and what are the ethical implications of creating these narratives for a mass readership? 

This event brings together two award-winning authors (one established, one emerging) whose fiction explores various forms of social inequality. Louise Doughty, author of eight novels, is best known for her bestselling Apple Tree Yard, which was adapted into a BBC TV series. Winnie M Li is a PhD student at LSE, whose debut novel Dark Chapter, recently won The Guardian’s Not The Booker Prize and is inspired by her own lived experience of rape. They will be discussing these questions wtih Dr Shani Orgad, whose work focuses on the representation of gender in media narratives, and Professor Nicola Lacey, whose work focuses on feminist analysis of law, law and literature and biography.

Cross Themes

Precarious States: political economies of care

Speakers: Professor Laura Bear, Dr Insa Koch, Jackie Peacock, Peter Tutton, Ryan Davey, Ana Gutierrez and Matt Wilde

Chair: Professor Deborah James

22 February, 6-7.15pm, Wolfson Theatre

Where is welfare now coming from? What can anthropological research bring to debates about a new social contract for the 21st century?

The UK’s Beveridge Report sought to tackle "Five Giants" of social need: Want, Disease, Ignorance, Squalor and Idleness. The report exemplified a new set of moral expectations for governance, in which the social health of nation-states would be attained by guaranteeing the social welfare of their citizens. Presently such expectations have taken on a disjunctive quality: citizens are still expected to behave in certain ways, but the state’s ability to keep its side of the bargain has been dramatically transformed by neoliberalism and post-crisis austerity measures. Life is now defined by precarity: both as an everyday experience of insecure incomes, homes or legal statuses, and as an index of a social contract that is no longer secure.

What do the "Five Giants" look like today - after decades of managed decline and a new set of social, economic and political problems to go alongside the old? How are they being reshaped by the contemporary welfare state and its continual reconfiguration? Without glorifying either the past or the present, we use an anthropological approach to examine current problems while also subjecting the early welfare state to scrutiny. 

Health and social care

Universal Health Coverage in the Global South: what is needed to make it work?

Speakers: Professor Kalipso Chalkidou, Professor Ken Shadlen, Dr Daniel Wong

Chair: Dr Justin Parkhurst

22 February, 6.30-7.45pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

Although Universal health coverage is a pillar of the modern welfare state, the successful design and implementation of arrangements to deliver on this promise faces enormous challenges.

This panel, with perspectives from health policy, law, and political science, examines these challenges and reflects on national experiences in developing countries. Topics will include: the imperatives of determining which healthcare products and services are covered; national and regional strategies for securing stable supplies of quality healthcare services at affordable prices; the relationship between the spread of patents on pharmaceutical products, a new phenomenon, and governments’ commitments to provide essential medicines; and the tensions between health technology assessment systems designed to make judgements on cost-effectiveness and legal systems that offer opportunities for individuals and groups to secure expensive health products via litigation.

Housing and urbanisation

Lessons from Grenfell Tower: inequality and housing need, the Giant that still divides us

Speakers: Professor Danny Dorling, Lynsey Hanley, Professor Anne Power

23 February, 6.30-7.30pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

The crucially important role of social housing has been recognised following the Grenfell Tower disaster, which also laid bare the disconnect between the ‘elites’ and the most disadvantaged in society.This event explores the link between inequality and housing, evidenced by the growing demand for low cost rented housing among those on the very lowest incomes. Unless the voices of communities and residents are heard and taken seriously, there is a risk that gaps in society will widen even further.

Context

Five LSE Giants' Perspectives on Poverty

Speakers: Dr Tania Burchardt, Professor Sir John Hills, Professor Stephen P Jenkins, Professor Lucinda Platt

Chair: Professor Paul Gregg

24 February 3.15-4.30pm, Alumni Theatre New Academic Building

Taking five ‘Giants’ in the study of poverty over the last 100 years, themselves, like Beveridge, authors of influential reports, this event discusses how their thinking articulates with Beveridge’s vision and has advanced our understanding of poverty and how to tackle it.

This event focuses on Beveridge’s Giant of ‘want’. It addresses the thinking on poverty of five ‘Giants’ in the study of poverty over the last 100 years, who have been closely associated with LSE and who are themselves authors or co-authors of influential reports: Beatrice Webb, Brian Abel-Smith, Peter Townsend, Amartya Sen and Anthony Atkinson. It explores how their thinking both articulates with the concepts and propositions of Beveridge in his report, and has transformed the ways in which we think about poverty and how to address it.

The event draws on the insights of current LSE academics known for their work on poverty and inequality. Lucinda Platt will discuss Beatrice Webb’s ‘Minority Report on the Poor Laws’ of 1909, which was deemed to be highly influential on Beveridge’s thinking and the break with the Poor Laws expressed in his report.

John Hills will shed light on the ‘rediscovery of poverty’ marked by the publication of Brian Abel-Smith and Peter Townsend’s 1966 work on ‘The Poor and The Poorest’, the corrective this provided to the somewhat over-optimistic interpretation of the achievements of the welfare state in eliminating poverty, and how it foregrounded Townsend’s subsequent development of the relational and ‘relative’ conception of poverty. 

Tania Burchardt will analyse the distinctive contribution of Amartya Sen to how we understand poverty across very different contexts, in her consideration of the 2009 Report by the Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress (coauthored with Joseph Stiglitz and Jean-Paul Fitoussi). 

Finally, Stephen Jenkins will evaluate the significance of the Atkinson Commission’s 2015 Report on Monitoring Global Poverty to how we conceptualize and address poverty in a global context.

Missing Giant

Who Belongs? Can we Afford to be Different?

Speakers: Brett Heasman, Celestin Okoroji, Professor Bev Skeggs, Dr Jana Uher

Chair: Dr Sunil Kumar

24 February, 4.30-5.45pm, New Academic Building

There have been significant advances in the rights, recognition and participation of diverse groups of people in the UK over the past 30 years. And yet, people’s backgrounds and characteristics – such as their age, gender, ethnicity, 'abilities' or 'disabilities', and sexual orientation – continue to strongly influence their life experiences, opportunities and prosperity. During an extended period of austerity, the current political climate is characterised by sharp divisions in attitudes to the long-term direction of the country, to the question of 'who belongs?' and to the sustainability of the UK's welfare system – giving rise to the question, ‘Can we afford to be different?’ 

Cross Themes

Civil Society and the Five Giants: a global perspective

Speakers: Dr Duncan Green, Dr Armine Ishkanian, Ludovica Rogers

Chair: Dr Hakan Seckinelgin

24 February, 4.30-5.45pm, New Academic Building

The Beveridge Report's contemporary relevance can only be considered if we properly understand the ways in which civil society actors from across the globe are challenging unequal redistributive systems.  The aim of this panel is to challenge the top-down approach of defining welfare needs and well-being and to critically examine how civil society actors, ranging from social movements, NGOs, to trade unions, have campaigned for the recognition of needs and for fairer redistribution.

More Lent Term Events

Climate Change Image

A Green History of the Welfare State

Speaker: Tony Fitzpatrick (University of Nottingham)

1 March, 12-1.30pm, venue tbc

Politicians and policymakers can be accused of lacking awareness of the extent to which environmental issues and welfare policy issues share economic, political and social agendas.  This paper tracks the post-1945 development of both subjects, focusing upon government (in)activity, and highlights the missed opportunities and occasional synergies which characterised the period up until the end of the New Labour era.

Oxfam team

Inequalities Seminar: Developing a Capability-based Inequality Framework

Speakers: Dr Abigail McKnight (LSE CASE), Dr Polly Vizard (LSE CASE) and Pedro Mendes Loureiro (SOAS)

6 March, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

Over the last six months LSE researchers have been working with Oxfam to develop an Inequality Framework and Toolkit through an III Atlantic Visiting Fellows Grant.  The aim of the Framework is to provide practitioners with a theoretically-based systematic approach to understanding and measuring multidimensional inequality.  The Framework will help Oxfam country teams expand their focus which has mainly centred around humanitarian relief and tackling poverty.  This shift reflects a more general recognition that inequality needs to be addressed alongside poverty (eg UN-SDGs, World Bank twin goals) and is supported by CASE/III research which has identified a strong link between economic inequality and poverty.  The Framework is based on Sen’s capability approach and is innovative through the use of this approach to identify and measure a broad range of capability-inequalities.  Pilots in Spain and Guatemala are just starting and there are plans for further pilots before the Framework is rolled-out across Oxfam’s confederation of 20 organisations.  In this seminar the team will describe the development of the Framework and the range of inequalities captured across the seven life domains covered by the Framework.

Joana Naritomi

Inequalities Seminar: The Effects of Welfare Programs on Local Labor Markets: Evidence from Conditional Cash transfers

Speaker: Dr Joana Naritomi (LSE International Development)

20 March, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

Further details coming soon.

Previous Events

2017

Thomas Shapiro 2

Inequalities Seminar: Economic and Racial Drivers of Toxic Inequality in the United States: Two Narratives, One Story

Speaker: Professor Thomas Shapiro (Brandeis University)

16 January, 12.30-2pm, TW2.9.05

Since the Great Recession, most Americans' standard of living has stagnated or declined. Economic inequality is at historic highs. But, economic inequality differs by race; African Americans' net wealth is just a tenth of white Americans, and over recent decades, white families have amassed wealth at three times the rate of black families. Wealth disparities must be understood in tandem with racial inequities--that is a key part of why inequality in the United States is now toxic. The findings from this project draws on a unique set of rich family interviews conducted at a twelve year interval combined with longitudinal survey data. 

Climate Change Image

Climate Change, Inequality and Time Use: Double-Dividend Approaches to Emission Reduction

Speaker: Professor Juliet Schor (Boston College)

7th Dec, 12-1.30pm, Room 1.04, 32 Lincoln's Inn Fields WC2A 3PH

Author of many books including Plenitude; The Overworked American; and The Overspent American. Researcher into time, consumption and sustainability.

In this talk Professor Schor discussed a series of papers that look at two variables that have received little attention in the discussions of emissions reductions: domestic concentrations of income and wealth, and working hours. He finds strong relationships between inequality, time use and emissions at a variety of scales (global, OECD, and US cross-state). This line of research suggests the possibility of double-dividend policies that will reduce inequality, working hours, and emissions.

BSA logo

Closed Workshop: A case-study of ‘socio-genetic understanding’: Robbins on Bourdieu, 1970-2017

Speakers: Yusef Bakkali (University of Sussex), Ray Campbell, Stephanie Lacey (University Campus Barnsley), Lisa Mckenzie (Middlesex University), Nirmal Puwar (Goldsmiths), Diane Reay (LSE), Derek Robbins (UEL), Marco Santoro (University of Bologna), Mike Savage (LSE III)

5th December 2017, 9.30am-5pm, venue at LSE tbc

The BSA Bourdieu Study Group hosted a special workshop in honour of Derek Robbins entitled: “Robbins on Bourdieu, 1970-2017, A case-study of ‘socio-genetic understanding’”. This workshop was supported by the Institute of Inequalities (LSE). The workshop explored the development of Derek Robbins’s predisposition to study the work of Bourdieu, and his early encounters with Bourdieu. It argued that all intellectual works should be understood by reference to their contexts of production rather than in terms of predefined, abstracted disciplinary discourses and offer paradigmatic example of the reflexive response to Bourdieu recommended for all participants.

The day was divided into five sessions: Methodological presentation, Robbins and Bourdieu up to 1990, Robbins and Bourdieu, 1990-2002, Robbins and Bourdieu, 2002 to the present. The final session considered Robbins’ attempts after Bourdieu’s death to treat the transmission of his work as a case-study of the international transfer of social science concepts, first in respect of Franco-British transfer and then in respect of occidental-oriental transfer. This analysis involves an application of socio-genetic understanding and, as such, runs counter to the increasing tendency to appropriate Bourdieu’s work for an international sociological discourse.

Paul

Inequalities Seminar: Inequality and Service

Speaker: Dr Paul Segal 

28th November, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2.9.05 

The study of economic inequality is fundamentally concerned with differing entitlements over goods and services. Yet this means that economists of inequality have so far neglected an aspect of inequality discussed by social commentators at least since Rousseau: that it also implies that one person is entitled to command another person, owing to their differing economic positions. This talk proposed a measure of this form of inequality called the service ratio, and argued that the ability of the rich to command the labour of the non-rich for their own satisfaction is a socially and political salient feature of economic inequality. The ability to employ domestic service is essential to conceptions of the upper middle class lifestyle in many countries, and has also been essential to rising female labour market participation. Paul Segal has calculated service ratios in a selection of countries over time, and illustrated the relationship between this measure and other standard measures of inequality.

Walter Scheidel

The Great Leveler: violence and economic inequality from the Stone Age to the future

Speaker: Professor Walter Scheidel (Stanford University)

27th November 2017, 6.30-8pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

For thousands of years, economic inequality has been a defining feature of civilization. Only violent shocks have significantly reduced inequality: mass-mobilization warfare, transformative revolutions, state collapse, and catastrophic plagues. This lecture examined these processes over the long run of history, and considered the prospects of levelling in today's more stable world.

This lecture was funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Read about the III's partnership with JRF here.

Video and podcast available here.

Cristobal Young

The Myth of Millionaire Tax Flight: how place still matters for the rich

Speaker: Dr Christobal Young (Stanford University)

Discussant: Dr Andrew Summers (LSE) and Rt Hon Ed Miliband MP (subject to parliamentary business)

Chair: Professor Nicola Lacey (LSE)

If taxes rise, will they leave? Cristobal Young presented his findings from the first-ever large-scale study of migration of the world’s richest individuals, drawing on special access to over 45 million US tax returns, together with Forbes rich lists. He showed that contrary to popular opinion, although the rich have the resources and capacity to flee high-tax places, their actual migration is surprisingly limited. Place still matters, even in today’s globalised world.

Podcast / video available here.

Anne Power

Inequalities Seminar: Can Social Landlords Make Private Renting Work Better?

Speaker: Professor Anne Power

Chair: Dr Aaron Reeves

14th November 2017, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2.9.05

In this seminar, Professor Anne Power and Alice Belotti presented findings from interviews with, and analysis of, 20 social landlords, three private landlords and two housing charities on how social landlords can make the private rented sector more secure, better quality and more affordable for tenants.

Podcast available here.

Parteciparte

What We Treasure We Measure: a theatrical engagement with gender in/equality

PartecipArte Theatre Company

8th November 2017, 6.30-8pm, Old Theatre

PartecipArte engage with gender inequality in the European Union using 'Theatre of the Oppressed' theatrical forms to analyse, understand and tackle multiple dimensions of gender in/equality by exposing them on stage. PartecipArte presented a 'theatrical PowerPoint' which showed, with human slides and living statues, the different ways to approach gender equality and the current situation of gender equality in the European Union. Inspired by the Gender Equality Index, the theatrical PowerPoint highlighted how men and women are assigned different responsibilities, rights, benefits and opportunities in the activities they perform, in access to the control of resources and in decision-making processes. The slides explain the unfavourable situation of women in all of the six core domains composing the Gender Equality Index – work, money, knowledge, time, power and health - and in the satellite domain of violence against women. In turn, the audience becomes the protagonist and the author of a new PowerPoint, asking should we accept those stories or can we change them?

This event is funded by the Atlantic Fellows programme, and co-hosted with the LSE Departments of Gender Studies and Statistics.

Video recording available here.

Heat Greed and Human Need

Book Launch: Heat, Greed and Human Need: Climate Change, Capitalism and Sustainable Wellbeing

Professor Ian Gough (Visiting Professor, LSE CASE) presents his new book (Edward Elgar 2017)

Chair: Dame Professor Judith Rees (Vice-chair of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment at the LSE)

Discussant:Kate Raworth (Oxford University Environmental Change Institute; author of Doughnut Economics

8th November, 6.30, Shaw Library

This event was supported by CASE, GRI and the III at LSE, and Edwar Elgar Ltd.

Video available here.

National Theatre building

National Debate: Class - an unequal nation

Hosted by the National Theatre

Speakers: Dawn Foster (Author of Lean Out), Abid Hussain (Director of Diversity, Arts Council England), David Lammy MP, Mike Savage (Martin White Professor of Sociology, LSE)

Chair: Anushka Asthana (Guardian joint Political Editor)

2nd November 2017, 5.45-6.45pm, National Theatre

A panel explored how class affects our chosen path in life, and how easy is it to break out of the social hierarchy. Is the class system still relevant in 21st-century Britain? The National Theatre presented a debate inspired by the production of Saint George and the Dragon

Darren Walker

Investing in Equality: the role of capital and justice in addressing inequality

Speaker: Darren Walker (President of the Ford Foundation)

Chair: Professor Julia Black (Interim Director, LSE)

1st November, 6.30-8pm, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

Philanthropic organisations play a key role in challenging the causes, effects, and consequences of inequality, funding projects that aim to directly and indirectly reduce the inequality gap. However questions have been raised about the approach, direction and priorities of such wealthy organisations when funding projects to tackle inequality, and the effect of these projects on the beneficiaries and the economy as a whole.

The Ford Foundation has identified inequality as the central issue of our time. Darren Walker, President of Ford Foundation, discussed the work and focus of the Ford Foundation, and the greater role of Philanthropy in reducing inequality.

This event is funded by the Atlantic Fellows programme.

Video recording available here.

Nicola Lacey

British Academy lecture: Women, Crime and Character in the Twentieth Century

Speaker: Professor Nicola Lacey FBA CBE (III)

Chair: Professor Sarah Worthington QC(Hon), FBA, University of Cambridge

26 October 2017, 6-7.15pm, British Academy, 10-11 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AH

The Twentieth Century saw decisive changes in women’s legal, social, economic and political position.  But how far have these changes been reflected in women’s position as subjects of criminalisation in the courts, in legal thought or in literary fiction?   This lecture took up the story of the gradual marginalisation of criminal women in both legal and literary history, asking whether a criminal heroine such as Moll Flanders (1722) is thinkable again, and what this can tell us about conceptions of women as subjects of criminal law.  How far do the conceptions of, and dilemmas about, female subjectivity, agency, capacity and character which emerge successively in 20th Century literary culture reflect and illuminate the relevant patterns and debates in criminal law and philosophy? 

Paul Willman

Inequalities Seminar: Do Firms Manage Pay Inequality? 

Speaker: Professor Paul Willman

24 October, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2 9.04

This talk examined the role of the modern firm in the creation of inequality of income. Specifically, it examined the growth in the use of asset based rewards for senior executives, combined with continued use of salaried rewards for other employees, and the impact this has on measures of inequality both within the firm and society. If asset values tend to outstrip GDP then, other things equal, policies that reward one group with assets and others with wages will increase income inequality within the firm over time. Willman further argued that, since employment in firms that use asset based rewards for executives remains a substantial proportion of overall employment, the use of the firm as the unit of analysis for the examination of societal inequality, whether from a theoretical or policy based point of view, has some merit. The talk presented data on intra firm inequality for the UK. Both commercial and government data indicate that some measures of intra-firm inequality have increased substantially since big bang  (1986).  Since the financial crisis, a combination of equity based rewards for senior executive pay combined with the use of inflation indices or linkage to the National Living Wage have tended to increase inequality within firms on some measures.  

Podcast here.

Aaron Reeves 2

Inequalities Seminar: The Decline and Persistence of the Old Boy: Private Schools and Elite Recruitment 1897-2016

Speakers: Dr Aaron Reeves and Dr Sam Friedman

10 October, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2 9.05

This talk based on a paper with the same title drew upon 120 years of biographical data [N = 120,764] contained within Who’s Who - a unique catalogue of the British elite - to explore the changing relationship between elite schools and elite recruitment. The authors find that the propulsive power of Britain’s ‘public schools’ has diminished significantly over time. This is driven in part by the wane of military and religious elites, and the rise of women in the labour force. However, the most dramatic declines followed periods of educational reform that both increased access to, and standardised and differentiated the form of, the credentials needed to access elite trajectories. Notwithstanding this fall our analysis also underlines that these schools remain extraordinarily powerful channels of elite formation. Even today the alumni of the 9 Clarendon Schools are 94 times more likely to be members of the British elite than those who attended any other school. 

Video recording here.

Bev Skeggs

"You are being tracked, evaluated for digital trading and sold as you read this": an analysis of the making of digital inequalities

26th September 2017, Sheikh Zayed Theatre, 6.30-8pm

Speaker: Professor Beverley Skeggs 
Respondent: Dr Seeta Peña Gangadharan 
Chair: Professor Mike Savage

If our personal data is traded in milliseconds up to 70k times per day, what does this mean? Should we care? Are we aware? Does it matter? Is it possible to escape? Bev Skeggs drew on research that uses software to track the trackers (Facebook) and identified how a person's browser use is tracked and searched in detail for sources of potential value that can be sold to advertising companies. She argued that if we want to know how inequalities are being shaped in the present and future we need to understand the opaque mechanisms that operate through stealth and experiment with our personal disclosures.

Video available here.

Branko Milanovic

The Evolution of Global Inequalities: the impact on politics and the economy

5th July 2017, Sheikh Zayed Theatre, 6.30-8pm

Speaker: Professor Branko Milanovic
Chair: Professor Mike Savage

Branko Milanovic discussed the recent evolution in global inequality and focused on the political implications of the important changes in the global distribution of income.

Video recording available here.

Jee Kim

Inequalities: changing the terms of the debate

14th June, 2017, Sheikh Zayed Theatre, 6.30-8pm

Speakers: Jee Kim (Narratives Initiative), Katy Wright (Head of Global External Affairs at Oxfam), Professor Amartya Sen (Harvard)

Chair: Provessor Beverley Skeggs (LSE)

Given the power of those with a vested interest in maintaining some forms of inequality, can anything be done to change the terms of their debates? 

Video recording available here.

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III Annual Conference 2017: Challenging Inequalities, Developing a Global Response

14th June, 9.30-17.30, Sheikh Zayed Theatre

The annual conference of III and Atlantic Fellows programme for Social and Economic Equity debated topics including social mobility, health, racial and ethnic inequalities.

Videos of all sessions available here.

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YSI Inequality Workshop

12-13 June

Interest in inequality has peaked over the past years and it has spurred a complex web of highly relevant research. During this interactive workship, this web was visualised and disentangled. Participants shared their own work, and also participated collectively in a project that begins to map the main theories, findings, questions and resources in inequality research. The joint work will eventually be published online and serve as a guide for those who are interested in studying and researching inequality. The student platform will be an extension of the YSI's existing online resources.

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A Village, a Country and the Discipline: economic development in Palanpur over seven decades
An Eva Colorni memorial lecture

Speaker: Professor Nicholas Stern (IG Patel Professor of Economics and Government at LSE, President of the LSE India Observatory, President of the British Academy)
Discussant: Professor Amartya Sen (Thomas W Lamont Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University)
Chair: Professor Naila Kabeer (Professor of Gender and Development at the LSE Gender Institute and the Department of International Development)

7th June, 6.30-8pm, Old Theatre

Video recording available here.

Danny Dorling

The Equality Effect: improving life for everyone

Speaker: Professor Danny Dorling (Halford Mackinder Professor of Geography, Oxford University)
Chair: Dr Neil Lee (LSE Department of Geography and Environment)

Thursday 18th May, 6.30-8pm, The Venue, Saw Swee Hock Centre

Video recording here.

Joan Williams

Why did Trump win? Overcoming Class Cluelessness in America

Speaker: Professor Joan C. Williams (Professor of Law, UC Hastings Foundation and Chair and Director of the Center for WorkLife Law)
Chair: Dr Michael McQuarrie (LSE Sociology Department)

Wednesday 10th May, 6.30-8pm, Wolfson Theatre 

Watch the video recording here.

Naila Kabeer

Inequalities Seminar: Intersecting Inequalities and the Sustainable Development Goals: insights from Brazil

Speakers: Professor Naila Kabeer (LSE Gender Institute and Department of International Development) and Dr Ricardo Santos (UNU-WIDER) 

Tuesday 9th May, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2 9.05

Listen to podcast here.

Guy Standing

Basic Income: And How We Can Make It Happen

Speaker: Professor Guy Standing (SOAS)
Discussants: Professor the Lord Meghnad DESAI (Emeritus
Professor of Economics LSE)
Dr Malcolm Torry (Director of the Citizen’s
Income Trust and Visiting Senior Fellow, Social Policy Department, LSE)
Barb Jacobson (welfare advisor and Coordinator for Basic Income UK)
Chair: Professor Mike Savage (Co-Director of the III, LSE)

Monday 8th May, Old Theatre, Old Building, 6.30-8pm

Watch the video recording here.

Lisa Mckenzie

Inequalities Seminar: Post-Industrialisation in the East Midlands: ethnographic narratives from the communities that were thrown under the Brexit bus

Speaker: Dr Lisa Mckenzie (LSE Sociology)

Tuesday 2nd May, 12.30-1.45pm, TW2 9.05

Listen to podcast here.

Whither Europe map

Whither Europe? Historical Perspectives on 2017

Speakers: Professor Michael Cox, Dr Abby Innes, Professor Mike Savage and Professor Emeritus Alan Sked Chair: Dr Lucia Rubinelli

Thurs 27th April 2017, 6.30-8pm, Old Theatre

Can we Can we learn something about Europe’s future by turning to its past? Prominent scholars reflect on a year in history that has analogies with 2017.

Listen to podcast here.

Lutz Sager

Climate Change, Inequality and Social Policy seminar Would income redistribution result in higher aggregate emissions?

Speaker: Lutz Sager (Grantham Research Institute) 

Thursday 27th April 2017, 12-13.30, 32L 1.04

Part of the interdisciplinary seminar series Climate Change, Inequality and Social Policy. It is jointly hosted by the III, the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and CASE (Centre for Analyisis of Social Exclusion).

Joan Costa-i-Font

Inequalities Seminar: Health and Income Inequality Aversion: results from a UK survey experiment

Tuesday 25th April, 12.30-1.45pm TW2 9.05

Speaker: Dr Joan Costa-i-Font (LSE Social Policy and European Institute) 

Drawing on representative survey data from the UK, this talk  examined the following:
- Whether individuals' preferences for inequality are domain specific, and specifically between income and health.
- Whether attitudes conventionally measured in surveys are different from inequality preferences.
- Some of the determinants of inequality preferences such as risk aversion and personality.

Dena Freeman seminar

Inequalities Seminar: Dynamics of Democracy and Inequality in the context of Globalization

21st March, TW2 9.05, 12.30-1.45pm

Speaker: Dr Dena Freeman (Senior Visiting Fellow in the Department of Anthropology, LSE and an Associate of the III)

Listen to the podcast here.

Michele Lamont lecture

Getting Respect: responding to stigma and discrimination in the United States, Brazil and Israel

8 March, Old Theatre, 6.30-8pm

Speaker: Professor Michèle Lamont

This lecture was based on Michèle Lamont’s latest book, which contributes to the study of everyday racism and stigma management, the quest for recognition, and the comparative study of inequality and processes of cultural change.

Watch the video here.

Michele Lamont

Inequalities seminar: Addressing recognition gaps: destigmatization processes and the making of inequality

7 March, TW2 9.05, 12.30-1.45pm

Speaker: Professor Michèle Lamont (Harvard University)

This talk brought together three lines of research focused on destigmatization processes (as they pertain to African Americans, people with HIV-AIDs, and the obese); cultural processes feeding into inequality; and recognition gaps experienced by white working-class men in the United States and France, and stigmatized groups in Brazil, Israel, and the United States. From these studies, Michèle Lamont proposed an agenda for the empirical analysis of recognition, which she views as an essential but largely missing dimension to the study of inequality.

Listen to the podcast here.

Polly Vizard

Inequalities seminar: Older peoples' experiences of dignity and nutritional support during hospital stays

21 February 2017

Speaker: Dr Polly Vizard (LSE CASE)

Concern about older people's experiences of healthcare has moved up the political and public policy agendas in the wake of the Independent and Public Inquiries into Mid-Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust. However, quantitative analysis of the available patient experience data remains limited and the statistical evidence base on inequalities even more so. In this talk, Dr Polly Vizard presented findings from a new study that provides in-depth nationally representative quantitative evidence on older people’s experiences of poor and inconsistent standards of treatment with dignity and respect, and support with eating, during hospital stays using the Adult Inpatient Survey. The study highlights how older age interacts with gender and disability as a driver of inpatient experience, considers the role of socio-economic disadvantage, and makes specific recommendations on how to build inequalities analysis into national frameworks for healthcare monitoring, inspection and regulation.

Podcast available here.

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The Health Co-benefits of the Low Carbon Economy

16 February 2017

Speakers: Professor Andy Haines, Alison Smith and Ruth Mayne

Part of the interdisciplinary seminar series Climate Change, Inequality and Social Policy. It is jointly hosted by the III, the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and CASE (Centre for Analyisis of Social Exclusion).

BSA Seminar

BSA Seminar: Design and 'the Social': Mapping new Approaches to Inequality in Design

7 February 2017

Keynote Speaker: Dr Lucy Kimbell (Director of the Innovations Insights Hub, University of the Arts london) 

With contributions from: Prof Mike Savage (Co-Director of the III) and Dr Adam Kaasa (Director of Theatrum Mundi)

For a post-event summary of the seminar, see here.

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The Piketty Opportunity

26 January 2017

Speakers: Patricia Hudson (Emeritus Professor Cardiff University), Avner Offer (Chichele Professor of Economic History, Oxford University) and Keith Tribe (Independent Scholar)

Chair: Professor Mike Savage

This event marked the publication of The Contradictions of Capital in the Twenty-First Century, a volume of essays that builds upon the renewed interest in wealth and inequality stimulated by the work of Thomas Piketty. Editors and authors Patricia Hudson, Avner Offer and Keith Tribe joined with associates of the International Inequalities Institute to discuss the analysis of inequality in an international context.

Watch the video recording here.

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Religious Intolerance and its Impact on Democracy

STICERD Amartya Sen Lecture co-hosted by the International Inequalities Institute

17 January 2017

Speaker: Asma Jilani Jahangir
Discussant: Professor Amartya Sen (Harvard University)
Chair: Professor Chetan Bhatt (LSE Human Rights Centre and Sociology Department)

Asma Jilani Jahangir is a Pakistani human rights lawyer and activist who co-founded and chaired the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Her talk focused on how government failure to address the questions of religious intolerance and free expression dilutes the principles of democracy, equality and justice, particularly for women and religious minorities.

Watch the video recording here.

Paul Segal seminar

Inequalities Seminar: Who are the Global Top 1%?

17 January 2017

Speaker: Dr Paul Segal (Senior Lecturer in Economics at Kings College London, Visiting Fellow at the III)

This seminar presented findings from the paper with the same title, representing the first in-depth analysis of the changing composition of the global distribution.

Watch the video recording here.

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Social Solidarity in the "Knowledge Economy"

12 January 2017

Speaker: Professor Kathleen Thelen (MIT)
Discussant: Dr Waltraud Schelkle (LSE European Institute)
Chair: Professor David Soskice (LSE Government Department)

This lecture examined cross-nationally divergent responses to the challenges posed by the transition to the "knowledge economy" and explores the role of the state in sustaining growth, employment, and social solidarity in the contemporary period.

2016

Robert Frank Success and Luck

Success and Luck: good fortune and the myth of meritocracy

7 Dec 2016

Speaker: Prof Robert H. Frank (Cornell University)
Discussants: Prof Nicola Lacey (LSE) and Rt Hon Ed Miliband MP
Chair: Prof John Hills (LSE)

Professor Robert Frank discussed the role luck plays in economic success. 

Watch the video recording here.

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Credit Suisse Global Wealth Report 2016

23 November 2016

Speaker:  Anthony Shorrocks (Global Economic Perspectives; World Institute of Development Economics Research)
Discussants: Dr Abigail McKnight (LSE) and Deborah Hardoon (Oxfam)
Chair: Prof John Hills (LSE)

To mark the publication of the Global Wealth Report 2016, Tony Shorrocks explained the basis of Credit Suisse data and summarised the current evidence on the level, distribution and trends of household wealth in all regions and countries of the world since 2000.

Watch video recording here

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Charles Booth Centenary Lectures

3 November 2016

Speakers: Mary Morgan, Alan Manning, Stephen Machin, Fran Tonkiss, Suzi Hall, Anne Power, Emily Grundy, Tim Newburn and John Hills

This event, which coincided with the LSE Research Festival 2016, was part of a wider LSE celebration of pioneering social scientist Charles Booth, who died in 1916, and whose original survey into life and labour in London is held in the LSE Library.

Booth's investigation of poverty in London provides a key example both of the creative development of social science and of the ways in which research may be used to have a positive impact on society. The event brought together a group of scholars from a range of disciplines to explore the substance of Booth's ideas as well as his broader legacy for the social sciences and for contemporary social analysis.

Watch video recordings here.

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Taxing the Rich: A History of Fiscal Fairness in the US and Europe

12 October 2016

Speaker: Professor David Stasavage
Chair: Professor David Soskice

In today's social climate of growing inequality, why are there not greater efforts to tax the rich? David Stasavage asks when and why countries tax their wealthiest citizens.

Watch video recording here

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2016 APPAM Interantional Conference

13-14 June 2016

The Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management 2016 conference was held at the International Inequalities Institute on June 13th & 14th 2016.

This international conference gathered policy researchers and analysts from around the globe to share the latest research and knowledge on the pressing challenge on inequality.

More details and video recording here.

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Challenging Inequalities

25 May 2016

Speakers: Craig Calhoun, Shami Chakrabarti, Duncan Green and Phumeza Mlungwana

This public lecture followed the III Annual Conference 2016 and debated different approaches to challenging inequality across the globe.

Listen to podcast here.

III Annual Conference Session 2

III Annual Conference 2016

25 May 2016

Speakers: Kimberlé Crenshaw, Nicola Lacey, Kim Weeden, Stephen Jenkins, Facundo Alvaredo, Katharina Hecht, Satanuka Roy, Rebecca Simson, Thomas Piketty, Murray Leibbrandt, Catherine Boone, John Hills, Deborah Hargreaves, David Soskice

An international gathering to discuss inequality held at Friends House, London.

Watch video recordings here.

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Evicted: Poverty and Profit in the American City

21 March 2016

MacArthur 'Genius' award winning ethnographer Matthew Desmond speaks about his investigation into the low-income rental market and eviction in privately owned housing, and argues it is a cause, not just a symptom, of poverty.

Podcast available here.

2015

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Standing Out: Transgender Candidates Around the World

4 November 2015

Standing Out is the first report to address the phenomenon of transgender people running for office around the world. Read the report.

At this event, held at the LSE on 4th November 2015, transgender candidates from around the world shared their experience of politics and elections, and academics discussed how increased visibility increases acceptance.

Speakers:

  • Bemz Benedito is a founding member and chairperson for the Ang Ladlad Party in the Philippines, the first party in the world dedicated solely to advancing justice and human rights for LGBT members of society.
  • Logan Casey is a doctoral candidate in the University of Michigan's Department of Political Science.
  • Andrew Reynolds is Director of the LGBTQ Representation and Rights Research Initiative and a Professor of Political Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Mike Savage social class

Social Class in the 21st Century

2 November 2015

Speakers: Mike Savage, Niall Cunningham, Fiona Devine, Sam Friedman, Daniel Laurison, Lisa McKenzie, Andrew Mile, Helene Snee, Paul Wakeling

Social class has re-emerged as a topic of enormous scholarly and public attention. Mike Savage and the team of sociologists responsible for the Great British Class Survey  discussed their findings and proposed a new way of thinking about social class in Britain today, arguing that while the class war was over the new politics of class are only just beginning.

Watch video recording here.

Jane Waldfogel

Too Many Children Left Behind: the US achievement gap in comparative perspective

21 October 2015

Speaker: Jane Waldfogel
Discussant: Dr Lee Elliot Major

Jane Waldfogel of Columbia University explains her work as part of a team of social scientists who compared educational outcomes and their link to family socio-economic status across the English speaking world.

Video recording available here.

Luna elite property

Elite and Urban Dynamics: New Perspectives Conference

22 July 2015

Supported by the ESRC as part of their Alpha Territory project researching London's 'super-rich' Neighbourhoods.

A one-day seminar was organised by Rowland Atkinson (University of Sheffield), Roger Burrows (Goldsmiths) and Mike Savage (LSE), taking place at LSE on Wednesday 22nd July 2015 in three sessions:

1. The resurgence of elite sociology

  • Elites Without Hierarchies: Intermediaries, 'Agency' and the Super-rich
    Will Davies
  • Life in the Alpha Territory, results from a two-year study
    Rowland Atkinson and Roger Burrows, Luna Glucksberg, Caroline Knowles and David Rhodes
  • Elites in the Great British Class Survey
    Daniel Laurison and Sam Friedman
  • Getting Ahead? Meritocratic Elites and the Gendered Body in the Age of Egg Freezing and Wearables
    Charis Thompson

2. Urbanism and Wealth

  • London and Hong Kong
    Hang Kei Ho
  • A New City for Croesus
    Simon Parker, Rowland Atkinson and Roger Burrows
  • Conflicts of Taste and Values in an Elite London Suburb
    Richard Webber - View Presentation Slides

3. New agendas and Future Research

  • Elite Research and the LSE International Inequalities Institute
    John Hills, Tania Burchardt and others.
  • The Gentrification of Gentrification
    Luna Glucksberg, Rowland Atkinson, Tim Butler and Dave Rhodes
  • The Elite London Vortex
    Niall Cunningham and Mike Savage - View Presentation Slides
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The Great Divide

19 May 2015

Speaker: Joseph Stiglitz

Chair: John Hills

Joseph Stiglitz talked about his new book, The Great Divide, expanding on the diagnosis he offered in The Price of Inequality, and suggesting ways to counter this growing problem.

Watch video recording here.

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Inequality in the 21st Century

11 May 2015

Speakers: Stuart Corbridge, David Soskice, Wendy Carlin, Bob Rowthorn, Diane Perrons, Stephanie Seguino, Lisa McKenzie, Naila Kabeer, Thomas Piketty Laura Bear, Gareth Jones, Mike Savage, Julia Black, John Hills and Tony Atkinson

A day long conference with Thomas Piketty, Centenial Professor at the III whose Capital in the Twenty-First Century has been of global significance in shaping debates about inequality. The conference marked the official launch of the III.

Watch video recording here.

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Inequality: what can be done?

Joint event with Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE)

Speaker: Tony Atkinson
Discussants: Tom Clark and Baroness Lister
Chair: Nicholas Stern

Professor Sir Tony Atkinson argues that present levels of inequality are not inevitable and that there are concrete measures to be taken to tackle inequality.

Podcast available here.