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Greece and the Energy Geopolitics of the Eastern Mediterranean

Energy cooperation that would alleviate EU gas dependence on Russian imports and
(prospectively) Turkish transit could constitute such a core interest not only for Israel,
Cyprus and Greece but for several leading EU member states with important interests
in the Eastern Mediterranean, including Italy and more importantly France and Britain.
Energy cooperation, illustrated by the liquefaction of Israeli gas in Cyprus and the more
long-term construction of gas and electricity lines to Greece, can constitute this missing
lynchpin and turn a contingent alignment into a more enduring alliance. The current
relationship continues to offer Greece a high margin of diplomatic flexibility, enabling it
to continue the balancing act that promoted an expansion of bilateral cooperation with
Israel while making sure that this cooperation would not translate into diplomatic damage to Greece’s ties to Arab states.

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Author

TSAKIRIS

Dr Theodoros Tsakiris is an Assistant Professor on the Geopolitics of Hydrocarbon at the University of Nicosia, Cyprus and the Head of ELIAMEP's Energy Programme (ELIAMEP-Hellenic Institute for Foreign & European Policy)

 

 

Contents

Introduction

1. Greek Interests & Challenges: Filling the Turkish-Israeli Vacuum?

1.1 The Beginning of the Greek-Israeli Rapprochement (2010-2011)

1.2 The Development of Greek-Israeli Relations Under Antonis Samaras

2. Export Alternatives for Greece:Pipelines and LNG Terminals

2.1 Greece as a Consumer for Eastern Mediterranean Gas via LNG Imports

2.2 Gas Transit to Southeast Europe and Beyond: Pipeline Alternatives

2.2.1 The Southeast European Gas Interconnectors

2.2.2 The Israel-Cyprus-Greece Gas Pipeline

3. Conclusion

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Greece Energy SU14