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Turkey's Global Strategy

May 2011

After nearly a decade in power, Turkey's Justice and Development Party (AKP) has grown increasingly confident in its foreign policy, prompting observers to wondered aloud whether the country might be leaving 'the West', forcing that group to confront the question 'who lost Turkey?'

This is to cast Turkey's role, and its emerging global strategy, in unhelpful binary terms. Turkey's emerging role reflects the changes in the world politics whereby power is becoming decentred and more diffuse, with established blocs replaced by more fluid arrangements that loosely bind states on the basis shifting interests. Understanding Turkey's evolving global role can shed light on the emergence and orientation of other rising powers, and for the West, the challenge will be to shed the bloc mentality that remains pervasive, and reconceptualise an international order in which independent states become assets rather than inconveniences.



Executive Summary
Nicholas Kitchen

Introduction: The Sources of Turkish Grand Strategy:
Strategic Depth' and 'Zero-Problems' In Context
Joshua W. Walker

Turkey's Foreign Policies

Turkey and the European Union
Fadi Hakura

Turkey and Greece
Ekavi Athanassopoulou

Turkey and the Caucasus
Kevork Oskanian

Turkey and Iran
Elliot Hentov

Turkey and Syria
Christopher Phillips

Turkey and Iraq
Hasan Turunc

Turkey and the United States
Emiliano Alessandri