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Professor Toby Dodge


Professor Toby Dodge is Director of the Middle East Centre at LSE and a Professor in the International Relations Department at the LSE.



Research Interests

Dr Dodge research concentrates on the evolution of the post colonial state in the international system. The main focus of this work on the developing world is the state in the Middle East, specifically Iraq.

  • The shift from the colonial to the post colonial with the birth and evolution of the state in Iraq.
  • The use of coercive diplomacy in the post cold war world.
  • How the application of sanctions on Iraq transformed the state, society and the economy.
  • The Bush doctrine, the reordering of international relations and intervention in 'rogue' states.
  • The causes and consequences of regime change in Iraq.
  • The descent of Iraq into civil war.
  • The development of American Counter insurgency doctrine and its application to Iraq.


Books and research monographs

  • Inventing Iraq: the failure of nation building and a history denied (paperback edition, New York: Columbia University Press, 2005)
  • Iraq; from war to a new authoritarianism  (New York: Routledge and the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2013)
  • Iraq's Future: the aftermath of regime change (London: Routledge and the International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2005)

Edited volumes

  • Afghanistan; to 2015 and beyond (edited with Nicolas Redman) (London and New York: IISS and Routledge, 2011), pp. 1-299
  • Iraq at the Crossroads: State and Society in the Shadow of Regime Change  (edited with Steven Simon) (London and Oxford: Oxford University Press and the IISS, 2003), pp. 1-178
  • Globalisation and the Middle East, Islam, Economics, Culture and Politics(edited with Richard Higgott) (London and Washington: Royal Institute for International Affairs and the Brookings Institution, 2002), pp. 1-208

Refereed journal articles

  • ‘Intervention and dreams of exogenous statebuilding; the application of Liberal Peacebuilding in Afghanistan and Iraq’, The Review of International Studies, (November, 2013), pp. 1189-1212.
  • ‘State and society in Iraq ten years after regime change; the rise of a new authoritarianism’, International Affairs, Vol. 89, No. 2 (March, 2013), pp. 241-257
  • ‘Enemy images, coercive socio-engineering and civil war in Iraq’, International Peacekeeping, Vol. 19, No. 4 (August, 2012), pp. 461-477
  • ‘Fred Halliday: high modernism and a social science of the Middle East’, International Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 5 (November, 2011), pp. 1141-1158
  • ‘The ideological roots of failure; the application of kinetic Neo-Liberalism to Iraq’, International Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 6 (November, 2010), pp. 1269-1286
  • ‘Stephen Hemsley Longrigg et ses contemporains; le despotisme oriental et les Britanniques en Irak: 1914-1932’, Monde Arabe, Maghreb-Machrek, No. 240 (Été, 2010), pp. 33-58
  • ‘The failure of sanctions and the evolution of international policy towards Iraq 1990-2003’, Contemporary Arab Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 1 (January, 2010), pp. 82-90
  • ‘Coming face to face with bloody reality: Liberal common sense and the ideological failure of the Bush Doctrine in Iraq’, International Politics, Vol. 46, No. 2/3 (March, 2009), pp. 253-275
  • ‘The Sardinian, the Texan and the Tikriti: Gramsci, the comparative autonomy of the Middle Eastern state and regime change in Iraq’, International Politics, Vol. 43, No. 4 (2006), pp. 453–473 [Reprinted in Laleh Khalili, (ed), Politics of the Modern Arab World: Critical Concepts Volume 4: International Politics and War (Abbingdon: Routledge, 2008)
  • ‘Iraq: the contradictions of exogenous state building in historical perspective’, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 27, No. 1 (2006), pp. 187-200 [Reprinted in Mark T. Berger (ed.), From nation-building to state-building (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007)
  • ‘Iraqi transitions: from regime change to state collapse’, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4, (2005), pp. 699-715 [Reprinted in Sultan Barakat (ed.), Reconstructing post-Saddam Iraq (Abingdon: Routledge, 2008)

Other selected publications

  • ‘The causes of US failure in Iraq’, Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, Vol. 49, No. 1 (Spring, 2007), pp. 85-106
  • ‘The British Mandate in Iraq, 1920-1932’, The Middle East online series 2: Iraq 1914-1974 (Reading: Thomson Learning EMEA Ltd, 2006)
  • ‘External pressure and democratisation in the Middle East’, a debate with Jana Hybaskova, NATO Review (Spring, 2005)