VZW Klimaatzaak v. Kingdom of Belgium, et al. (Court of First Instance, Brussels, 2015)

Year opened: 2015
Status: Decision pending
Jurisdiction: Belgium
Principle law(s):
Mitigation/adaptation: Mitigation


As with the Urgenda case in the Netherlands, the Klimaatzaak — “climate case” — brought by an organization of concerned citizens has persuaded a Belgian court of the first instance to issue a declaratory judgment against the Belgian government. Specifically, the court determined that the federal and regional governments of Belgium have failed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to the extent required by law, namely 40% below 1990 levels by 2020 and 87.5% below 1990 levels by 2050.

The decision, which issued early in 2016, has been appealed.

Core objective(s): Seeking to force federal and regional governments to act to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
Side A: Klimaatzaak (Ngo)
Side B: Federal Regional Government of Belgium (Government)
  • Being briefed (Court of First Instance)
Case document(s):

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