National Sustainable Energy Strategy 2012-2033 in the Ministry of Energy, Science & Technology and Public Affairs Strategic Plan 2012-2017

The Strategy outlines a framework of programmes to increase the economy’s resilience to climate change by encouraging a transition to low carbon development and replacing imported fossil fuels with indigenous renewable sources.

Strategic goals include: (1) increase energy efficiency by 30% by 2033 (2011 base year); (2) reduce dependence on fossil fuels by 50% by 2020; (3) triple the amount of energy derived from waste materials; (4) become a net electricity exporter by 2020; and (5) build the Ministry’s institutional capacity to accomplish these mandates.

The Strategy articulates the need to develop an Energy-Efficiency and Conservation Policy after collecting end-use data from relevant sectors that includes: revised building codes, energy efficient appliance standards, and energy audits of commercial and high-use buildings.

Quantified targets

Create a municipal solid waste energy conversion programme to supply fuel for 5MW of electricity

Waste | Waste-to-energy | Fixed Level Target | Base year: N/A

Increase Hydro Power from 55 MW to 70 MW by 2033 compared with 2011

Energy | Renewable Energy | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Fast-track pilot project to deploy flash pyrolysis reactors producing 250,000 tonnes of bio-oil from ligno-cellulosic biomass by 2016. Once the technology is well understood, expand production to one million tonnes by 2020

Energy | Biofuels | Fixed Level Target | Base year: N/A

Improve household energy efficiency and conservation by more than 25% through improvement in lighting, cooling and water heating efficiency and conservation by 2033 compared with 2011

Buildings | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Increase Energy Efficiency and conservation in the Hotel & Tourism Industry by 30% by 2033 compared with 2011

Tourism | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Increase electricity consumption efficiency by 30% in commercial buildings by 2033 compared with 2011

Buildings | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Reduce consumption of electricity by 50% from USD 6.8 million to USD 3.4 million, for the provision of cooling and lighting services to public sector buildings by 2033 compared with 2011

Buildings | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Improve energy efficiency and conservation by at least 30% by 2033, using energy utilization and GDP generated in 2011 as the baseline

Energy | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Reduce by 50% the number of rural households that are now using firewood for fuel to other more environmentally friendly biofuels cooking systems such as plant oil and biogas cookers, or solar cookers by 2020

Energy | Biofuels | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Triple the amount of modern energy carriers derived from Agricultural, Forestry and Fisheries production and processing, including municipal solid waste (MSW) by 2020 compared 2011

Energy | Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

Reduce the country’s dependence on fossil fuels consumption by 50% by 2020, from one million barrels to one-half million barrels by 2020 against a 2011 baseline

Energy | Renewable Energy | Base Year Target | Base year: 2011

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