National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy
The National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy (NCCAS) was released by a joint venture between UNEP/UNDP supported by the Danish Ministry of Foreign affairs. The document outlines strategies to increase climate resilience, decrease vulnerability of population, deepen awareness, draw from funding opportunities, and facilitate mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction to national development frameworks. It proposes to build capacity in the area of infrastructure, knowledge to deal with climate change impacts and reduce vulnerability in key sectors, ecosystems, districts and regions of the country. The National Climate Change Committee within the EPA (in MEST) is mandated to serve as the implementation agency of the NCCAS with the sub-national level institutions. It mandates town and area councils and unit committees to prepare their own climate change adaptation plans and submit to the District Assemblies to be incorporated into District Plans. It establishes regional co-ordination councils and proposes to link their work with that of the existing disaster management platforms.
Its key principles are:
• Adaptation policies to be addressed as part of national development policy framework
• Stake holder participation
• Promotion of sustainable development and poverty reduction
• Long term impacts as the principle means for adaptation
• Gender sensitivity
• Flexible and iterative
• Cross-sectoral integration but not sector wide
• Implementation- learning by doing
The strategy proposes early warning systems, focus on poor and vulnerable, improved land use management, improving research and awareness, stress on environmental sanitation, managing water resources, agricultural diversification, improved access to healthcare, and enhanced fisheries resource management.