This country is a member of the European Union, so data from the NDC submitted by the EU on behalf of its members is being displayed. For further information about the EU's NDC, legislation, and targets, please see the EU profile.

New Aid Scheme for Power Plants Using RES and Co-generation of Electricity and High-Efficiency Heat  ( 2016 )

This law establishes a new support system for power plants using renewable energy sources and Combined Heat and Power High Performance Provisions for legal and functional separation of supply and distribution industries in the natural gas market and other provisions. The law notably introduces feed-in tariffs. The rates of FIT and applicabilities have been modified…read more

Ministerial Decision (21906) on the Compensation to those carbon intensive industries (sectors and sub-sectors) exposed to carbon leakage caused by the indirect costs of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (as defined in the Directive 2009/29/EC) ( 2014 )

This is a joint decision among the Ministry of Economics, the Ministry of Competitiveness and Development and the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change having regard to national and European legislation. The aim of this decision is to compensate those electricity intensive industries which are at risk of carbon leakage due to the EU…read more

Law 4001/2011 on the Operation of Electricity and Gas Energy Markets, for Exploration, Production and Transmission Networks of Hydrocarbons and other provisions ( 2011 )

The Law 4001/2011 transposes into national legislation EU Directives concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and common rules for the internal market in gas that oblige EU member states to further liberalise their electricity and natural gas markets. For this purpose, and going further, this piece of legislation gives legal ground to…read more

Law 3831/2010 on “Revision of the vehicle taxes regime for vehicles, abolishment of the vehicles recycling measures (scrappage scheme) and measures for tackling atmospheric pollution” ( 2010 )

This law regulates traffic taxes for different vehicles. It divides cars into four classes from A (vehicles with the lowest emissions) to D (vehicles with the highest emissions). The revised taxes are based on these four classes and on cylinder capacity. The legislation exempts from annual vehicle taxes privately owned hybrid, electric, and hydrogen passenger…read more

Law 3851/2010 on “Accelerating the development of Renewable Energy Sources to address climate change and other provisions on jurisdiction of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change” ( 2010 )

This law extends the scope of Law 3468/2006 (“Electricity Production of Renewable Energy Sources”). It introduces a pricing system for each MWh produced by different RES (onshore and offshore wind power, photovoltaic systems, hydroelectric power, solar power, geothermal energy and biomass. Under this law, producers of electricity (supplying buildings) from RES are exempt from the…read more

Law 3855/2010 on “Measures to improve energy efficiency in end?use, energy services and other provisions” ( 2010 )

This piece of legislation sets out national targets for energy saving (9% of the average annual final value of energy consumption) and defines the measures to be implemented in order to meet these goals, in line with the EU 20-20-20 strategy. In addition, the law defines the institutional and financial framework needed to improve the…read more

Law 3889/2010 Financing Environmental Interventions, Green Fund, Ratification of Forest Maps and other provisions ( 2010 )

The law sets up a special system of financing environmental interventions to strengthen development through environmental protection, to ensure the efficient and transparent management of resources for environmental protection and conservation and to address climate change. The financing scheme includes the establishment of the Environmental Strategic Policy Committee; the systematic assurance, qualification and classification of…read more

Law 3661/2008 on Measures to reduce energy consumption in buildings and other provisions ( 2008 )

This law sets up the minimum requirements for energy efficiency in new and existing buildings, adopting a methodology for the calculation of energy consumption in buildings. It makes energy performance certificates compulsory in all new buildings. Also, for large buildings (exceeding 1,000 total sq. m) under renovation whether to be sold or rented, their energy…read more

Law L3468/2006 on the Generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and through high-efficiency co-generation of electricity and heat and miscellaneous provisions ( 2006 )

In addition to transposing to the national level the EU directive on the promotion of electricity produced from renewable energy sources in the internal electricity market, this legislation aims to promote the generation of electrical power from renewable energy sources (RES) and high-efficiency co-generation of electricity and heat plants in the internal electricity market. It…read more

Law 3423/2005 on Introducing Biofuels and other Renewable Fuels to the Greek Market ( 2005 )

This law expands the scope of a previous law on regulation of the oil market regarding the production, trade and storage of fuels. The current law is part of the legal framework on biofuels. It regulates the supply of biofuels in the market and it introduces a national scheme (Biofuels Allocation Programme) that defines the…read more

Law 3299/04 on Private Investment Incentives for Economic Development and Regional Convergence ( 2004 )

This law provides financial support for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments in the industry and service sectors. Specifically, financial support will be given to biofuels production (listed under category 1 in the law text), and electricity generation from wind power, geothermal, biomass and hydropower projects (listed under category 4 in the law text). Biofuels…read more

Law no. 2244/1994 on the Regulation of power generation issues from renewable energy sources and conventional fuels and other provisions ( 1994 )

This law establishes the legal basis for the development of renewable energy in Greece, providing access to the grid for individual energy producers. The Greek Public Power Corporation (PPC) holds the exclusive rights for the production, transfer and distribution of electricity throughout the country. However, the Minister of the relevant department (now the MEECC) can…read more

This country is a member of the European Union, so data from the NDC submitted by the EU on behalf of its members is being displayed. For further information about the EU's NDC, legislation, and targets, please see the EU profile.

National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change ( 2016 / Adaptation Framework )

This strategy aims at addressing risks and opportunities resulting from a changing climate. In particular, it seeks to 10 establish and enhance the short and long-term decision-making procedure regarding adaptation issues, 2) link adaptation with the promotion of a sustainable growth model through the implementation of regional/local action plans, ) promote adaptation actions and policies…read more

Second National Climate Change Programme (approved by Act of the Ministerial Council 5/27.02.2003, amended in 2007) ( 2003 / Mitigation Framework )

Like the first National Climate Change Programme (1995), the 2nd Programme adopts policies and measures necessary for Greece to meet its Kyoto target. The main actions to reach this goal include: a) further development of natural gas in all final demand energy sectors as well as in power generation, including co-generation; b) promotion of renewable…read more

This country is a member of the EU and so EU NDC data is being displayed.

Economy-wide

NDC Laws and National Policies

The European Union and its 28 Member States submitted a joint NDC: at least 40% domestic reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990.

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990

Source: NDC

Reductions in the ETS and non-ETS sectors amounting to 43% and 30% by 2030 compared to 2005 by 2030 against a 2005 baseline (collective EU target)

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

At least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 by 2030 against a 1990 baseline

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

Reducing by 2050 GHG emissions by 80–95 % by 2050 against a 1990 baseline

Economy Wide | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): Decision N... (2013 / Legislative)

Maximum quantity of hydrofluorocarbons to be placed on the market and corresponding quotas by 2015, 2030

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2015 | Source(s): Fluorinate... (2014 / Legislative)

In 2020, the target is for the emissions from the ETS sectors to be 21% lower than in 2005

Economy Wide | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Reduction of EU GHG emissions by at least 30% below 1990 levels by 2020

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Source(s):

Energy

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources by 2020

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

An EU target of at least 27% is set for the share of renewable energy consumed in the EU by 2030

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

An indicative target at the EU level of at least 27% is set for improving energy efficiency in 2030 compared to projections of future energy consumption based on the current criteria by 2030 against a 2014 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

On 30 November 2016 the Commission proposed an update to the Energy Efficiency Directive, including a new 30% energy efficiency target for 2030 by 2030 against a 1990 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, by improving energy efficiency by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Obligated energy distributors and/or retail energy sales companies achieve a cumulative end-use energy savings target by 31 December 2020 at least equivalent 1.5% a year from 2014 to 2020 of the annual energy sales to final customers of all energy distributors or all retail energy sales companies by volume, averaged over the most recent 3-year period prior to 2013 by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

The Union’s 2020 energy consumption has to be no more than 1 474 Mtoe of primary energy or no more than 1 078 Mtoe of final energy by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

Union’s 2020 20% headline target on energy efficiency by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

The biofuels and bio-liquids should contribute to a reduction of at least 35% of GHG emissions. From 2017, their share in emissions savings should be increased to 50% by 2020

Biofuels | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Transportation

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

Biofuel GHG emissions must be >35% lower than the fossil fuel they are replacing by 2017, 2018 against a 2015 baseline

Biofuels | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2018 | Base year: 2015 | Source(s): Fuel Quali... (2009 / Legislative)

Manufacturer's average emissions to be reduced yearly by 2014-2020 against a 2011 baseline

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

Increasing aircraft fuel efficiency, thus reducing CO2 emissions by 20 to 30 % compared to ‘state-of-the-art’ aircraft entering into service as from 2014 by 2020

General | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): Clean Sky ... (2007 / Legislative)

Reduce CO2 emissions by 50% and NOx by 80% by 2020 against a 2007 baseline

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007 | Source(s): Clean Sky ... (2007 / Legislative)

Reducing the GHG intensity of fuels used in vehicles for transportation by 10% by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

General | Intensity Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): Fuel Quali... (2009 / Legislative)

Average emissions of 95 g CO2/km as average emissions for the new car fleet, in accordance with Article 13(5) by 2020

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): Emission p... (2009 / Legislative)

At least 10% share of renewables in final energy consumption in the transportation sector by 2020

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Average emissions of 147 gCO2/km for the average emissions of new light commercial vehicles registered in the Union subject to confirmation of its feasibility, as specified in Article 13(1) by 2020

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

The specific emissions of CO2 of each light commercial vehicle which is designed to be capable of running on a mixture of petrol with 85% bioethanol (‘E85’), and which complies with relevant Union legislation or European technical standards, shall be reduced by 5% by 2015

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

Buildings

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

Every year, governments in EU countries must carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% (by floor area) of the buildings they own and occupy by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Agriculture

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Coastal Zones

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Cross-Cutting Area

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Disaster Risk Management (DRM)

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Environment

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Health

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Industry

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

LULUCF

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Social Development

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Tourism

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Urban

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Waste

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Water

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Party to the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol, Greece qualifies as an Annex I country having to comply with legally binding targets for GHG emission reductions. Moreover, a significant part of Greek legal framework is the result of transposition of EU regulations and directives to the national level. Against this background of international commitments, Greece has developed an approach to climate change largely driven by GHG emission reductions through reforms to the energy sector.

Before ratifying the Kyoto Protocol in 2002, Greece adopted its first National Climate Change Programme, in 1995. A second version of this policy instrument was drafted in 2002, and later revised in 2007, specifying mitigation actions.

Mitigation was also the focus of the 2002 Strategy for Sustainable Development (revised in 2007), adopted by the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change (MEECC – Inter-ministerial Committee on Climate Change, established 1996). The document says climate change is one of the most important environmental problems within the country and highlights the national targets on GHG emission reductions defined by the Kyoto Protocol and the EU as the basis for the adoption of the National Programme for the Reduction of Greenhouse Gas Emissions by the Council of the Ministers. The Strategy defines the key climate change mitigation measures as the reform and diversification of energy supply, rational use and conservation of energy, measures for the reduction of other GHGs, and institutional mechanisms.

Energy Supply

Greece is bound by EU targets to increase the share of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption from 6.9% in 2005 to 18% in 2020. The 2010 National Renewable Energy Action Plan adopts a combination of measures on energy efficiency and renewable energy to meet this target. According to the Plan, power generation from renewable sources should more than triple in comparison to 2010 to meet the 2020 targets of 40% renewable energy share in total electricity generation, 10% in transport and 20% in heating and cooling.

In 2012 the government adopted the Renewable Energy Roadmap 2050. The document proposes concrete measures to achieve renewable energy targets and GHG emissions reduction, including energy certification for buildings, a certification scheme for energy service companies, tax relief and electrification of transport. The 2050 Roadmap also establishes that renewables should account for 20% of final energy consumption by 2020 and 60-70% in 2050.

Energy Demand

The 2008-2016 National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) is adopted within the scope of the EU Directive on Energy End‐use Efficiency and Energy Services. The Plan, updated in 2010, adopts measures to improve energy efficiency, divided into the following categories: a) horizontal measures; b) cross-sectoral measures (addressing residential sector, tertiary sector, private sector, and public sector); and c) transport specific measures.

Greece has also adopted several programmes encouraging a reduction of energy consumption and the increased use of renewable energies.

Adopted in 2012, “Building the Future” is a public-private partnership that aims to spur at least 3 million energy efficiency interventions by 2020 to improve residential and commercial buildings’ energy performance by installing modern technologies for better insulation, efficient heating and use of local renewable energy sources. Within this framework, policy instruments, such as white certificates, voluntary agreements between the industrial and the commercial sector, and contracts of guaranteed performance are planned.

Addressing small communities’ energy use, the 2012 the “Green agricultural and island communities – New development model Programme” aims to promote the installation of renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures in remote areas with less than 1,000 inhabitants (total budget of EUR 50 million, USD 62.7 million).

Finally, the 2012 “Energy Efficiency of Household Buildings Programme” aims to improve the energy performance and efficiency of residential buildings by providing interest-free loans and subsidies for the installation of renewable energy and energy-saving measures.

Given the importance of the tourism sector, the government also created a special programme to provide subsidies for energy efficiency and environmental protection measures, as well as awareness-raising about investment potential in the buildings sector. The subsidies of the “Green Programme” range from EUR 15,000 to €400,000 (USD 18,825 – USD 502,000) an amount expected to cover an average of 40%‐45% of the total investment.

Carbon pricing

The EU ETS is the main carbon pricing scheme in Greece, operational since January 2005. It initially covered stationary installations only, but was later amended to include aviation activities. For the period 2013-2020, the Directive prohibited the allocation of free units for electricity production, so most emission allowances in Greece are to be acquired through auctioning (around 84% of the ETS emissions derive from electricity generation plants).

Transport

According to the National Energy Efficiency Action Plan, the transport sector holds the greatest energy saving potential amongst all main economic sectors, reaching up to 36% of the total required savings. Yet, policies and legislation addressing the sector are relatively underdeveloped. Greece has no support scheme for the purchase of electric vehicles, although hybrid and low‐ emission vehicles are exempt from registration tax and hybrid vehicles are not subject to traffic restrictions in Athens. As of 2011, the circulation tax for private cars is based on CO2 emissions and engine capacity. Since 2013, a luxury tax applies to cars exceeding 1,929 cc engine capacity.

Adaptation

Despite recognising the need to address climate change adaptation and respond to threats such as higher summer temperatures, increased frequency of extreme events (fires, floods), intensified coastal erosion and reduced water resources availability, Greece has not yet adopted a National Adaptation Plan. However, a National Adaptation Strategy is being prepared and its development is one of the main priorities of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change. Risk and vulnerability assessments have been conducted within the UNFCCC National Communication process (most recently the 6th Communication, which was submitted in 2014) and the Bank of Greece published a detailed analysis of climate change sectoral impacts in the ‘Environmental, Economic and Social Impacts of Climate Change in Greece’ study, in 2011.

To date, Greece does not have any litigation listed.

Greece has a unicameral legislature consisting of 300 Members of Parliament (MPs) and State Deputies elected for four-year terms. The last election occurred in September 2015 and the next is expected for 2019. MPs are elected through a system of ‘reinforced proportional representation’ across 56 constituencies. Of the 300 seats, 250 are elected by the constituencies and the party receiving the most votes is ‘reinforced’ with an additional 50 seats. State Deputies have the same parliamentary roles as MPs and sit in the same chamber, but are elected depending on party popularity within each state-province. The number of State Deputies is not fixed (but shall not exceed 20; there are currently 12). The Parliament also elects the President of the Republic on a five-year term with a two-thirds majority required. If this cannot be achieved the Parliament is dissolved.

Government ministers may introduce Law Proposals and MPs may introduce Draft Laws as bills. If a Draft Law or Law Proposal incurs additional expenses for the State Budget it must be accompanied by a General Accounting Office’s report specifying the amount of expenditure involved. Bills must also be submitted with an Impact Assessment Report as well as a report outlining the findings of a public consultation on the proposed Bill. Once passed through a two-stage process in the Parliament, the Draft Law or Law Proposal has to be promulgated by the President of the Republic within one month and published in the Official Gazette of the Hellenic Republic.

Last modified 22 August, 2017