This country is a member of the European Union, so data from the NDC submitted by the EU on behalf of its members is being displayed. For further information about the EU's NDC, legislation, and targets, please see the EU profile.

Act No. 165/2012 Coll. on supported energy sources and on amendment to some laws ( 2012 )

The Act contains measures to slow-down the further development of energy from renewable sources while still meeting the EU targets for renewable energy under the burden sharing agreement in compliance with the Renewable Energy Directive. The objective is to minimise consumer prices and guarantee a long-term sustainable development of renewable energy sources. It regulates the…read more

Minimum biofuel content for transportation fuels (Act No. 201/2012 Coll., on the protection of atmosphere – Clean Air Act) ( 2012 )

The Clean Air Act mandates among others minimum biofuel contents for transportation fuels, namely: • 4.1% for gasoline • 6% for diesel The Act also allows for transferring any biofuel content exceeding the minimum requirement target in any given year towards fulfilment of the target in the subsequent year (up to 0.2% of the volume…read more

Act No. 406/2000 Coll. on Energy Management, as amended ( 2001 )

The purpose of this law is to implement EU legislation and improve the effectiveness of energy management within the National Programme to Abate Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic. This Act dates back to 2000 and has been amended several times. It aims to promote measures that increase energy efficiency, introduce requirements for eco-design…read more

Act No. 458/2000 Coll., on the Conditions for operating business and on performance of state administration in energy sectors (the Energy Act) ( 2000 )

This legislation provides the framework for operating an enterprise in the energy sector capable of providing safe, affordable and reliable energy supply while withstanding economic competition, satisfying consumer needs as well as the interests of the licence holders. Section 31 creates a framework for use of renewable energy sources. The act allows preferential connection to…read more

Law 239 on the integrated rescue system and on the amendment of some laws ( 2000 )

This law establishes an integrated system of emergency response and preparedness in Czechia. It requires local governments to receive and process disaster reports, issue alerts, and mobilize emergency response resources. It also requires line ministries to keep records of sector-specific risks and promote disaster risk management in their sectors. It designates the Ministry of the…read more

Atomic Law ( 1997 )

This law outlines the overall framework for nuclear energy production in Czechia and defines the competencies of the State Office for Nuclear Safety, including supervising compliance in nuclear facilities, approving licenses, approving emergency response programs, and coordinating national nuclear energy policy.…read more

This country is a member of the European Union, so data from the NDC submitted by the EU on behalf of its members is being displayed. For further information about the EU's NDC, legislation, and targets, please see the EU profile.

Climate Protection Policy, Government Resolution no 207 ( 2017 / Mitigation Framework )

The Climate Protection Policy (CPP) of 2017 is a strategy in the field of climate protection up to 2030 as well as a plan which contributes towards gradual transition to low emission economy up to 2050. It focuses on measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and therefore it is a complementary to the 2015 Strategy…read more

Adaptation strategy to climate change in the Czech Republic ( 2015 / Adaptation Framework )

This strategy assesses the likely impacts of climate change, makes proposals for concrete adaptation measures, and discusses legislative and economic consequences. The document further focuses on the monitoring and analysis of adaptation on the environment and public health, but also on forestry, agriculture, water regime in the landscape and water management, urbanized landscape, biodiversity and…read more

State Environmental Policy (2012-2020) ( 2012 )

The overall framework to effectively protect the environment, following the State Environmental Policy of the Czech Republic 2004-2010. Objectives include climate mitigation, adaptation and the sustainable management of natural resources to contribute towards an improvement of the quality of life for Czech citizens and its neighbours. The policy has a climate protection component in conjunction…read more

This country is a member of the EU and so EU NDC data is being displayed.

Economy-wide

NDC Laws and National Policies

The European Union and its 28 Member States submitted a joint NDC: at least 40% domestic reduction in GHG emissions by 2030 compared to 1990.

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990

Source: NDC

Pursue the indicative level of 70 Mt CO2-eq of emissions in 2040 against 2005 levels

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2040 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): Climate Pr... (2017 / Executive)

70 MtCO2e total emissions by 2040, then 39 MtCO2e by 2050

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2040, 2050 | Source(s): ...

Pursue the indicative level of 39 Mt CO2-eq of emissions in 2050

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): Climate Pr... (2017 / Executive)

32 MtCO2e emission reduction by 2020, then 44 MtCO2e by 2020, 2030 against a 2005 baseline

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): ...

Reduce national emissions by 2030 by at least 44 Mt CO2-eq in by 2030 against a 2005 baseline

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): Climate Pr... (2017 / Executive)

21% GHG reduction in EU ETS and limit GHG increase to 9% outside EU ETS by 2020 against a 2005 baseline

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): ...

Reduce national emissions by 2020 by at least 32 Mt CO2-eq in comparison with 2005 by 2020

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): Climate Pr... (2017 / Executive)

Reductions in the ETS and non-ETS sectors amounting to 43% and 30% by 2030 compared to 2005 by 2030 against a 2005 baseline (collective EU target)

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2005 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

At least 40% domestic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to 1990 by 2030 against a 1990 baseline

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

Reducing by 2050 GHG emissions by 80–95 % by 2050 against a 1990 baseline

Economy Wide | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2050 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): Decision N... (2013 / Legislative)

Maximum quantity of hydrofluorocarbons to be placed on the market and corresponding quotas by 2015, 2030

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2015 | Source(s): Fluorinate... (2014 / Legislative)

In 2020, the target is for the emissions from the ETS sectors to be 21% lower than in 2005

Economy Wide | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Reduction of EU GHG emissions by at least 30% below 1990 levels by 2020

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Economy Wide | Base Year Target | Source(s):

Energy

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

4.1% of total blended petrol from biofuels, 6.0% of total diesel by 2013

Biofuels | Base Year Target | Target year: 2013 | Base year: 2013 | Source(s): Minimum bi... (2012 / Legislative)

13% final energy consumption from renewable by 2020

Renewable Energy | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020 | Source(s): ...

47.94 PJ final energy savings (6.85 PJ new savings per year) by 2020 against a 2013 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2013 | Source(s): Act No. 16... (2012 / Legislative)

20% of EU energy consumption to come from renewable resources by 2020

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

An EU target of at least 27% is set for the share of renewable energy consumed in the EU by 2030

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

An indicative target at the EU level of at least 27% is set for improving energy efficiency in 2030 compared to projections of future energy consumption based on the current criteria by 2030 against a 2014 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): 2030 frame... (2014 / Executive)

On 30 November 2016 the Commission proposed an update to the Energy Efficiency Directive, including a new 30% energy efficiency target for 2030 by 2030 against a 1990 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: 1990 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

20% reduction in primary energy use compared with projected levels, by improving energy efficiency by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Obligated energy distributors and/or retail energy sales companies achieve a cumulative end-use energy savings target by 31 December 2020 at least equivalent 1.5% a year from 2014 to 2020 of the annual energy sales to final customers of all energy distributors or all retail energy sales companies by volume, averaged over the most recent 3-year period prior to 2013 by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

The Union’s 2020 energy consumption has to be no more than 1 474 Mtoe of primary energy or no more than 1 078 Mtoe of final energy by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

Union’s 2020 20% headline target on energy efficiency by 2020 against a 2012 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2012 | Source(s): Energy Eff... (2012 / Legislative)

The biofuels and bio-liquids should contribute to a reduction of at least 35% of GHG emissions. From 2017, their share in emissions savings should be increased to 50% by 2020

Biofuels | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Transportation

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

2% reduction of GHG emissions per unit of energy in fuel by 2014, then 3.5% by 2017, then 6% by 2020 compared with a business as usual scenario

General | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: Business as usual scenario | Source(s): Minimum bi... (2012 / Legislative)

20% transport energy from renewables by 2020

Renewable Energy | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2020 | Source(s): State Envi... (2012 / Executive)

Biofuel GHG emissions must be >35% lower than the fossil fuel they are replacing by 2017, 2018 against a 2015 baseline

Biofuels | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2018 | Base year: 2015 | Source(s): Fuel Quali... (2009 / Legislative)

Manufacturer's average emissions to be reduced yearly by 2014-2020 against a 2011 baseline

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

Increasing aircraft fuel efficiency, thus reducing CO2 emissions by 20 to 30 % compared to ‘state-of-the-art’ aircraft entering into service as from 2014 by 2020

General | Trajectory Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2014 | Source(s): Clean Sky ... (2007 / Legislative)

Reduce CO2 emissions by 50% and NOx by 80% by 2020 against a 2007 baseline

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2007 | Source(s): Clean Sky ... (2007 / Legislative)

Reducing the GHG intensity of fuels used in vehicles for transportation by 10% by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

General | Intensity Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): Fuel Quali... (2009 / Legislative)

Average emissions of 95 g CO2/km as average emissions for the new car fleet, in accordance with Article 13(5) by 2020

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): Emission p... (2009 / Legislative)

At least 10% share of renewables in final energy consumption in the transportation sector by 2020

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Average emissions of 147 gCO2/km for the average emissions of new light commercial vehicles registered in the Union subject to confirmation of its feasibility, as specified in Article 13(1) by 2020

General | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

The specific emissions of CO2 of each light commercial vehicle which is designed to be capable of running on a mixture of petrol with 85% bioethanol (‘E85’), and which complies with relevant Union legislation or European technical standards, shall be reduced by 5% by 2015

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2015 | Base year: 2011 | Source(s): Emission p... (2011 / Legislative)

Buildings

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

Every year, governments in EU countries must carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% (by floor area) of the buildings they own and occupy by 2020 against a 2009 baseline

Energy Efficiency | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 2009 | Source(s): 2020 Clima... (2009 / Legislative)

Waste

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

35% cut in biodegradable landfill waste by 2020 against a 1995 baseline

Waste Reduction | Base Year Target | Target year: 2020 | Base year: 1995 | Source(s): State Envi... (2012 / Executive)

Agriculture

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Coastal Zones

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Cross-Cutting Area

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Disaster Risk Management (DRM)

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Environment

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Health

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Industry

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

LULUCF

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Social Development

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Tourism

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Urban

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Water

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

The Czech Republic has followed two different approaches to climate change mitigation in the 20 years of its existence. In the first 10 years it focused on implementing the Kyoto Protocol, and it automatically met the targets as a result of its economic restructuring and transition towards a market economy. The accession to the European Union in 2004 mandated the adoption and implementation of European climate policy and targets in compliance with the burden-sharing arrangements necessary to compensate for diverse economic and technological capabilities among the European member states. In both cases, the international commitments are anticipated to be met with the existing measures, given that the Czech Republic’s 2020 GHG emissions without the LULUCF sectors, are projected to be 36.4% below 1990 levels (37.2% with additional measures).

The key climate policy document is the National Programme to Abate Climate Change Impacts in the Czech Republic, formulated in the EU-accession period of 2004 and focusing on the implementation of Kyoto commitments. This Programme will be replaced by the new Climate Protection Policy to 2050, to be developed in 2015. Mitigation and adaptation policy objectives are also included in the State Environmental Policy 2012–2020.

The Burden-Sharing Decision of the EU allows the Czech Republic to increase emissions not covered by the European Emission Trading Scheme by 9% by 2020 compared to 2005 levels. In fact, emissions were reduced by around 0.9% between 2005 and 2012 and the target is expected to be reached without requiring additional measures.

The regions play an important role in implementing national climate initiatives. They have to develop regional development plans that include the management of natural resources affected by climate change such as water management for rivers, flood prevention measures, the development of renewable energies and improvement of energy efficiency.

Energy supply

The Czech Republic has a 2020 target for 13% of its energy to come from renewable sources. The share of renewables in final energy consumption was 11.2% in 2012. The uptake of renewables was supported with a feed-in tariff and a green bonus for renewable power. Plant operators could choose payments based on the feed-in tariff or a bonus on the market price for renewable electricity. In 2013 the feed-in tariff mechanism, as well as the green bonus, were reduced.

Eligibility for the feed-in tariff has been limited to operators of plants with an installed capacity of less than 100kW and the tariff rates are based on a 15-year return on investment. The Ministry of Industry and Trade selects obligatory purchasers from available licence holders for electricity trading. A solar tax was adopted in January 2011, aiming to slow down the uptake of solar/PV projects. Initially equal to 26% of the feed-in tariff for operators of new installations in operation after 1 January 2009 (exception of rooftop installations up to 30kW), it has been reduced to 10% of the feed-in tariff or 11% of the green bonus received starting January 2014 and limited to installations commissioned between January-December 2010. Since 1 January 2014 new renewable energy sources are not supported by feed-in tariff or the green bonus, except installations granted permits before October 2013 and in operation by the end of 2015, small hydropower installations (<10 MW), and – during the transition period January–December 2014 – wind, geothermal and biomass facilities.

In addition, as part of the path to a low-carbon economy, policies supporting the uptake of renewable energies and emission cuts in non-energy sectors are complemented by support for nuclear power. According to the draft of the new Energy policy, the share of nuclear energy is expected to increase from 35% in the national electricity mix to 50% by 2040, while the share from solid fuels is expected to drop from 50% to 12-17%.

Energy demand

The increase in energy demand in the building sector has been met with stricter standards for energy efficiency in buildings in the form of an amendment to the Energy Management Act (approved by Parliament in September 2012). Construction and major reconstruction permits are conditional upon compliance with the Energy Management Act and require an Energy Performance Certificate issued by an authorised energy expert. Subsidies are available to improve insulation in residential and municipal buildings and replacement of fossil fuel-based heating systems via the Green Savings Programme from 2009 to 2012, where the equivalent of USD2bn was disbursed to more than 70,000 project participants.

This original programme has been followed by the New Green Savings Programme 2013 and the New Green Savings Programme 2014-2020, managed by the State Environmental Fund of the Czech Republic. The 2014-2020 Programme offers financial support covering up to 55% of expenses for energy efficiency improvement through renovation of family houses, and up to CZK550,000 (USD24,884) for construction of new family houses with close-to-zero energy consumption. Additional resources have come from the Cohesion Fund, the Czech state budget, fees from polluters and the European Regional Development Fund to help fund energy savings and RES support. In addition, the State Environmental Fund provides financial resources to fund research and development activities to reduce GHG emissions from energy consumption. Recently such research has been supported by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic.

Carbon pricing

The EU ETS is the Czech Republic’s major carbon pricing initiative. The corresponding EU-level legislation has been implemented. Since 1st January 2015, the revenues from the EU Allowances auctions are to be devoted to climate-related programmes. The Czech Republic also implemented the EU directive on taxation of energy products and electricity including taxation of gas, electricity and solid fuels that took effect in 2008. It has funded the Green Savings Programme from the sales of Assigned Amount Units – AAUs under the Kyoto Protocol. In total, between 2009 and 2013 the Czech Republic sold 103,672,000 AAUs and revenue from these sales amounts to almost CZK20.5bn (USD927m). 

REDD+ and LULUCF

The Czech Republic participates in international efforts to integrate climate and forest management objectives into assistance for economic development in developing countries within the European Union efforts. Domestically, there are provisions for land-use planning to reduce the impacts of extreme meteorological situations, erosion and floods and in agro-environmental measures under the Common Agricultural Policy and government regulations. These measures include greening measures such as grassing over of cropland and sloped land or organic farming.

Transportation

Emissions from transportation increased substantially between 1990 and 2012, rising 15.8% as a result of economic development and the third lowest taxation of transportation in the EU. Emissions from transportation are primarily addressed via the National Action Plan for Energy from Renewable Sources that confirms the EU target of at least 10% share of renewable energy in transportation by 2020 and the Clean Air Act, which mandates a 4.1% of biofuels in gasoline and 6% in diesel.

Adaptation

A new adaptation strategy is in preparation and should be presented to the government in 2015. It focuses on agriculture, forestry, water management, biodiversity, urban planning, risk prevention and management, tourism, energy and transport. However, many sectoral strategies partially deal with adaptation – Flood Protection Strategy, Soil Protection Strategy, National Forestry Programme II, Biodiversity Strategy, Civil Protection Strategy, etc. Adaptation is also one of the most important topics of the State Environmental Policy (2012 – 2020).

Water management is projected to be the most vulnerable sector and is a key adaptation element in response to extreme meteorological and hydrological situations causing draughts or floods. The River Basin Management Plans present important policy measures and focuses on management of precipitation water. The flood risk management plans as well as flood risk maps are currently in preparation. The implementation of adaptation measures is carried out mainly by regions and/or municipal governments. Measures supported via the Landscape programme and Programme for Renewal of the Natural Function of the Landscape have a special focus on nature and landscape protection and are financed through national resources. The Operational Programme Environment and the Rural Development Programme (both supported through EU funds) should continue to finance adaptation activities and measures in the next financial period (2014 – 2020).

Micronesia Transboundary EIA Request (Opened in 2009 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Czech Republic
Core objective(s): Challenge to government plans to modernize and extend operations of a coal-fired power plant
Current status: Decided

On December 3, 2009, the Federated States of Micronesia requested the Czech Republic, in accordance with § 11(1)(b) of the Act on Environmental Impact Assessment, to initiate a Transboundary Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) proceeding for its plans to modernize and extend operations of the Prunerov II coal-fired power plant. Micronesia asserted that it has reasonable…read more

The Czech Republic is a parliamentary democracy, established after the splitting of Czechoslovakia into the Czech and Slovak Republics in 1993. The Parliament, the highest legislative body, consists of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. It votes on laws proposed predominantly by the executive and on international treaties in all policy areas. The last elections for both Chambers were held in October 2013. The next election for the Chamber of Deputies is scheduled for 2017 and for the Senate in 2018.

In 2001, the state transferred a number of powers to the regions, an intermediate level between the national government and the municipalities. The regions are structured in accordance with the concept of subsidiarity. They are in charge of implementing national legislation and have far-reaching self-governance authority. Based on their better knowledge of local conditions and independent decision-making in financial matters, the regions provide a number of services within the overall framework on socio-economic and environmental aspects of development.

Last modified 10 October, 2017