Law no 27424 creating the Promotion Regime for Distributed Generation of Renewable Energy Integrated in the Public Electricity Grid ( 2017 )

This law is aimed at setting the policies and establish the legal and contractual conditions for the generation of electric power from renewable sources by users of the national grid, for self-consumption with eventual injection of surpluses to the network. The law also establish the obligation of the main energy providers to facilitate such injection,…read more

Law 27191 on Renewable Energy ( 2015 )

The Law builds on and updates the Regimen for the National Promotion for the Production and Use of Renewable Sources of Electric Energy established by the Law 26.190, and extends the regimen for the period 2018-2025. It sets national renewable energy targets, establishes a fund for financing renewable energy projects, and defines minimum renewable requirements for large…read more

Law 26.639 on Minimum Standards for Preservation of Glaciers and Periglacial Environment ( 2010 )

This Law on minimum standards for preservation of glaciers establishes minimum standards for protection of glaciers and periglacial environment, declares glaciers as public goods, and attributes responsibility for formulating a policy on climate change in line with the objective of preserving glaciers and periglacial environment to the highest positioned government body with environmental competence. The law…read more

Law 26473 Prohibiting commercialisation of incandescent light bulbs ( 2010 )

Prohibits the importation and commercialisation of incandescent light bulbs for residential use throughout the country.…read more

Law 26.190 Regimen for the National Promotion for the Production and Use of Renewable Sources of Electric Energy ( 2007 )

The Law, as updated in October 2015, builds on the concept of production of electricity from renewable energy sources as a matter of national interest. It requires that by 31 December 2017, 8% of all electricity consumed nationally must be generated from renewable energy sources. The law directs the executive power to co-ordinate a Federal…read more

Law 26.093 (2006) Regimen of Regulation and Promotion of the Production and Sustainable Use of Biofuels ( 2006 )

The object of the law is to provide a regulatory framework for the production and promotion of biofuels. The law creates and defines the authority of a federal regulatory entity, The National Advisory Commission for the Promotion of the Production and Sustainable Use of Biofuels, delineates the chemical definitions of biodiesel and bioethanol and provides…read more

Law 26.123 (2006) Promotion of Hydrogen Energy ( 2006 )

The law declares the technological development, the production of, and the use of hydrogen fuel, as well as other alternative energy sources, a matter of national interest. The executive power will determine the federal organisation responsible for developing a National Programme for Hydrogen, which will have among its objectives: develop and strengthen the technological and…read more

Law 25.080 for investments in cultivated forests ( 1999 )

This law establishes a regime for the promotion of investments made in new forestry enterprises and in the extensions of existing forests. It aims at enabling entities to benefit from the installation of new forestry-industrial projects and the extensions of existing ones, as long as the wood supply is increased through the implantation of new forests.…read more

Law 25.019 Declaring a national interest to generate electricity from wind and solar energy ( 1998 )

This law is an early precursor to 2010 legislation promoting renewable energy. It declares wind and solar power a national interest and created the Renewable Energy Fund to encourage production.…read more

Joint resolution 1/2018 creating the Environmental and Insurance Sustainability Program ( 2018 )

This resolution creates the Environmental Sustainability and Insurance Program (PROSAS) and enables the creation of the reforestation initiative ForestAR 2030.  It aims to promote investments in new forestry ventures and in the extensions of existing forests, and is based on Law 25.080. ForestAR is an inter-ministerial strategy that aims to consolidate the country as a sustainable forestry…read more

Creation of the National Climate Change Cabinet – Decree 891/2016 ( 2016 )

The decree creates a National Cabinet for Climate Change (NCCC). 12 ministries are represented in the cabinet, headed by the chief of the Argentinian Cabinet, and will run with the participation of the Ministries of Energy, Economic Development, Agriculture, Transport, Environment, Social Development, Education, Science, Interior and Culture as well as the Foreign Ministry. The main objective of NCCC…read more

Decree 140/2007: Presidential decree declaring rational and efficient energy use a national priority ( 2007 )

This decree has far-reaching and ambitious goals to reduce energy consumption and promote the use of renewable energy in the public sector (including public transport and lighting), private industry and private residencies. The decree’s main purpose is to announce a National Program for Rational and Efficient Energy Use, to guarantee funding for the program in…read more

National Decree 1070/05 (2005) Creation of the Argentine Carbon Fund ( 2005 )

National Decree 1070/05 has the single purpose of creating the National Argentine Carbon Fund (FAC) and to incentivise projects within the framework of The Clean Development Mechanism, as defined by Article 12 of the Kyoto Protocol. The fund is administered by the Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development.…read more

Economy-wide

NDC Laws and National Policies

Not exceed a net emission of 483 (unconditional) million tCO2eq by the year 2030; conditional measures, if jointly implemented could bring emissions to 369 million tCO2eq for 2030.

Economy Wide | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2030 | Base year: N/A

Source: NDC

There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Energy

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.

8% share of renewable sources in electric generation by 2016

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2016 | Base year: N/A | Source(s): Law 26.190... (2007 / Legislative)

8% share of renewable sources in electric generation by 2017, 12% by 2019, 16% by 2021; 18% by 2023 and 20% by 2025

Renewable Energy | Fixed Level Target | Target year: 2025 | Base year: N/A | Source(s): Law 27191 ... (2015 / Legislative)

Agriculture

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Buildings

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Coastal Zones

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Cross-Cutting Area

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Disaster Risk Management (DRM)

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Environment

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Health

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Industry

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

LULUCF

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Social Development

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Tourism

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Transportation

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Urban

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Waste

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Water

NDC Laws and National Policies
There are no quantifiable targets found in the NDC.There are no quantifiable targets found in the laws and policies.

Legislation or regulation related to climate change has been particularly difficult to enact. The country experienced a severe recession from 1998 until 2002, and an acute crisis in 2001, after which nearly 60% of the population was plunged into poverty. During the last decade, the federal government’s priority has been economic recovery and growth. Investments necessary to mitigate emissions and adapt to climate change are politically conceived as pitted against social investments in health, education and poverty reduction as in a zero-sum game. As such, Argentina has neither enacted comprehensive legislation related to climate change nor made an official pledge to reduce GHG emissions. It is one of two countries in the G20 that has declined to make such voluntary pledges under the Copenhagen Accord.

In its second report to the UNFCCC (2007), the government maintains that the country is vulnerable to climate change, particularly floods and landslides related to increased rainfall, melting glaciers and increased river flow. Various government-commissioned studies have laid out both mitigation and adaptation strategies; however, the government insists that substantial international funds would be necessary for their implementation. In a public speech before the UNFCCC conference in Copenhagen in 2009, President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner argued that developing countries should set GHG emissions reduction goals that were “humbler” but more feasible, and that wealthy nations that are the principal polluters should set more ambitious reduction goals as well as finance the mitigation and adaptation efforts of poorer nations.

That is not to say, however, that Argentina has made no institutional attempts to respond to climate change. The country ratified the UNFCCC in 1993 and the Kyoto Protocol in 2001. In 2002 a presidential decree replaced the Secretary of Natural Resources and Human Environment with the Secretary of Environ­ment and Sustainable Development (SAyDS), which does not hold ministerial status but reports directly to the Executive Cabinet. The SAyDS houses the Direction for Climate Change, which has responsibility for introducing and co-ordinating policies and actions relating to climate change. Other subgroups include the National Advisory Commission on Climate Change, which includes various academic and industry experts, and the Gubernatorial Committee on Climate Change, comprised entirely of government organs and intended to co-ordinate cross-sector government actions.

The comprehensive General Law of Environment states that modules related to the natural environ­ment, protection of natural resources and prevention of pollution must be included in primary and secondary school curricula. Later congressional legislation and presidential decrees have mandated that climate change material (including information about mitigation of emissions and adaptation through individual and collective action) should also be included. In addition to the production of educational materials and curricula for school-aged children, various laws call for “massive public education campaigns” on issues such as pollution and energy efficiency targeted to the general population.

Energy Supply

Argentina has made the use of biofuel-blends obligatory for all liquid fuel types used for transportation. Part of legislation meant to promote the production and use of biofuels, regulations for the commercialisation of petrol now mandate that all fuel types must contain a minimum of 5% biodiesel or bioethanol. The Secretary of Energy increased this minimum to 10% by decree in 2013. Similar legislation related to renewable sources of electricity stipulates that by 2016, 8% of all electricity consumed must come from renewable sources. The federal government has laid out several tax benefits and financing and grant schemes to encourage new production of alternative energy and energy efficiency technologies.

Energy Demand

Argentina has enacted legislation to reduce energy demand through the promotion of energy efficient practices in the private, public and residential sectors. The policy mechanism through which most energy demand projects are implemented is the National Programme for Rational and Efficient Energy Use, which, according to official estimates, will lead to a 2,400MW reduction in demand for electricity by 2015 and a 28m tonne reduction in CO2 emissions (between 2006 and 2015).

Since the economic crisis of 2001, the federal government has subsidised residential and commercial electricity, gas and water use resulting in some of the lowest energy consumer prices in the continent. In 2011 the Ministry of Economy issued a resolution that ended subsidies to large corporations and residencies deemed to be in “high income” areas in the Buenos Aires metropolitan area (home to 39% of the population) as well as gated communities and country clubs throughout all provinces. While this policy was not directly motivated by climate change, possible effects include a decrease in energy consumption and more competitive price schemes for renewable energies in the future.

Carbon Pricing

In 2005 Argentina created the Argentine Carbon Fund through executive decree. The Fund, financed by The World Bank and administered by The Secretary of Environment and Sustainable Development, has the purpose of trading in carbon credits in order to fund projects within the Clean Development Mechanism of the UNFCCC. According to recent academic review, the Fund acts to advise private sector actors presenting projects for CDM consideration rather than as either a finance mechanism itself or a regulatory body.

REDD+ and LULUCF

According to a National Native Forest Inventory completed in 2005, deforestation is increasing, amounting to 1.22% yearly loss. In 2007, Congress passed a law establishing a general framework for forest conservation. One mechanism through which this legislation aims to safeguard carbon sequestration is to pay landowners to preserve forests on private property. Between 2010 and 2014, USD300m was invested in these local preservation initiatives.

Argentina became a member of the UN REDD programme in 2009. The programme has a budget of USD3.59m beginning in 2014. Still in the early stages of implementation, the “Roadmap for Readiness” has four objectives: (i) to draft a REDD+ National Strategy, (ii) to establish a National Forest Reference Emissions Level, (iii) to strengthen the National Forest Monitoring System, and (iv) to develop a Safeguard Informational System.

To date, Argentina does not have any litigation listed.

Argentina (officially The Argentine Republic) is a federal republic with a bicameral congress. The National Congress is composed of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Each of the 23 provinces (and the autonomous federal capital, Buenos Aires) elects three senators (two from the majority party and one from the first minority) for a total of 72 senators. The 257 representatives of the Chamber of Deputies are elected by congressional districts based on proportional representation. The last legislative elections were held in October 2015 and the next is expected for 2019.

Legislative proposals are called law projects and are generally introduced in the Chamber of Deputies before debate and vote in the Senate. To become law, all bills must be passed by both congressional bodies and signed by the President, who acts as both head of state and head of government.

A law project is first drafted, proposed and debated in legislative committees in the Chamber of Deputies. Often included in the committee debate is expert testimony. Once the proposal has passed the relevant legislative committee, it is officially presented and debated by all deputies, and amendments may be considered. Once passed by both chambers of congress, the President promulgates, vetoes or partially vetoes the legislation within 10 working days. A presidential veto can be overridden with a two thirds majority in both chambers of congress.

Argentina is a federal republic made up of 23 provinces and an autonomous national capital city. Each province elects its own governor and congress and is granted significant authority over the running of its territory. While federal law usurps provincial law, many of the laws passed by National Congress and enacted by the President are written to coexist with provincial law. Some provinces have passed legislation directly or indirectly related to climate change. Article 41 of the Argentine National Constitution declares the importance of the natural environ­ment and its protection from contamination a national priority. It considers “enjoyment” of the natural environment an individual and cultural right. Constitutionally, each province has the gubernatorial authority to legislate and control its natural resources; however, the national government is granted authority to establish norms and standards for the protection of the environment.

Last modified 21 August, 2017