Climate resilience and adaptation

Credit: piyaset/istock

Improving the resilience of countries, companies and communities through adaptation to the current and future climate is absolutely critical to sustainable economic growth and development across the world. The impacts of climate change through, for example, sea level rise and intensification of many extreme weather events, are already undermining sustainable development, particularly in vulnerable and exposed poor countries. Even if the world is successful in meeting the goal of the Paris Agreement to limit the rise in global mean surface temperature to well below 2°C, and ideally 1.5oC, the world will be subject to growing impacts of climate change for many decades to come. Only a massive step change in the pace of adaptation and transformational increases in resilience will safeguard further rises in living standards, prosperity and well-being.

Climate adaptation is a cross-cutting research theme at GRI, with several projects embedded in GRI’s research themes, particularly the Sustainable Development, Governance and Legislation and Sustainable Finance themes.

Our geographic focus spans from the UK to developing countries and we work closely with decision makers, industry and civil society to support climate resilience and climate adaptation.

Key adaptation and resilience focus areas at GRI

Adaptation and climate resilience in the UK

Role of insurance in supporting climate resilience

Adaptation, climate resilience and sustainable development

 

Commentaries and publications

Submission to Call for Evidence on Flooding and Coastal Erosion by Defra

a policy publication by Swenja Surminski, Viktor Roezer, Sara Mehryar, Rebecca Byrnes  9 October, 2019

This paper summarises the Institute’s submission to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs’ call for evidence on policy direction to prepare the UK for flooding and coastal erosion, drawing on a decade of work by the Grantham Research Institute with the insurance industry and policymakers addressing issues around climate change and adaptation. read more »


The current and future climate of central and southern Africa: What we have learnt and what it means for decision-making in Malawi and Tanzania

a policy publication by  7 October, 2019

This brief summarises the main lessons from four years of the UMFULA project – led by the Grantham Research Institute, UMFULA has addressed questions of climate science, climate impacts and decision-making processes for adaptation in central and southern Africa, with focuses on Malawi and Tanzania. read more »


As Southern Africa faces new urban drought challenges, who is heeding the wake-up call?

a commentary by Kate Elizabeth Gannon, Patrick Curran, Declan Conway  4 December, 2018

The major disruption to urban water and hydroelectricity supplies caused by the conditions accompanying the 2015/16 El Niño in Southern Africa show that governments and businesses need to be more prepared for climatic extremes, argue the authors of this commentary. read more »


Can subjective resilience indicators predict future food security? Evidence from three communities in rural Kyrgyzstan

Can subjective resilience indicators predict future food security? Evidence from three communities in rural Kyrgyzstan

a working paper by Abbie Clare, Lira Sagynbekova, Gregor Singer, Chris Bene, Akyl Rahmanberdi  19 November, 2018

This paper is the first to quantitatively compare the power of subjective and objective resilience measures to predict future wellbeing in the face of socio-environmental shocks and stressors. It uses data from rural Kyrgyzstan. read more »


Climate change governance in Tanzania: challenges and opportunities

a policy publication by Michal Nachmany  22 October, 2018

The policy brief outlines the key governance challenges Tanzania faces in implementing its climate policies, describes the drivers of and barriers to climate-relevant policy processes, and concludes with policy recommendations. read more »


Climate change adaptation among female-led micro, small and medium enterprises in semi-arid areas: a case study from Kenya

Climate change adaptation among female-led micro, small and medium enterprises in semi-arid areas: a case study from Kenya

a working paper by Joanes Atela, Kate Elizabeth Gannon, Florence Crick  16 October, 2018

This research suggests that female-led MSMEs in Narok, Kenya, may face both additional exposure to climate risk compared with men, and additional barriers to adapting to that risk. read more »


Resilient, but from whose perspective? Like-for-like comparison of objective and subjective evaluations of resilience

Resilient, but from whose perspective? Like-for-like comparison of objective and subjective evaluations of resilience

a working paper by Lindsey Jones, Marco D'Errico  6 September, 2018

Little has been known to date about how objective and subjective modes of evaluating resilience compare. This paper addresses this gap, introducing a new method of subjective evaluation through household surveys in Uganda. The findings are relevant to evaluation toolkit design. read more »


Emissions trading systems with cap adjustments

Emissions trading systems with cap adjustments

a research article by Sascha Kollenberg, Luca Taschini  1 November, 2016

Emissions Trading Systems (ETSs) with fixed caps lack provisions to address systematic imbalances in the supply and demand of permits in response to economic shocks. This paper proposes a new mechanism which adjusts the allocation of permits based on the current bank of permits to create a dynamic system of permit allocation. read more »


Reserves and trade jointly determine exposure to food supply shocks

Reserves and trade jointly determine exposure to food supply shocks

a research article by Alessandro Tavoni  14 September, 2016

While a growing proportion of global food consumption is obtained through international trade, there is an ongoing debate on whether this increased reliance on trade benefits or hinders food security, and specifically, the ability of global food systems to absorb shocks due to local or regional losses of production. This paper introduces a model that simulates the short-term response to a food supply shock originating in a single country.
read more »


Past and present biophysical redundancy of countries as a buffer to changes in food supply

Past and present biophysical redundancy of countries as a buffer to changes in food supply

a research article by Alessandro Tavoni  17 May, 2016

Spatially diverse trends in population growth, climate change, industrialization, urbanization and economic development are expected to change future food supply and demand. These changes may affect the suitability of land … read more »


The triple dividend of resilience

The triple dividend of resilience

a policy publication by Swenja Surminski  7 December, 2015

This report is an output of an initiative funded by the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) at the World Bank and led by the Overseas Development Institute … read more »


Private-sector adaptation to climate risk

Private-sector adaptation to climate risk

a research article by Swenja Surminski  21 October, 2013

Reference Surminski, S. October 2013. Private-sector adaptation to climate risk. Nature Climate Change, v.3, pp.943-945.  


Adapting to the impacts of climate change in the UK

Adapting to the impacts of climate change in the UK

a commentary by Nicola Ranger  31 January, 2011

The first set of reports from public bodies setting out what they are doing to adapt to the impacts of climate change on the UK was published by the Department for … read more »