Climate Change Laws of the World

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Certain Activities Carried Out by Nicaragua in the Border Area (Costa Rica v. Nicaragua) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: I.C.J. Reports 2011-2018
Jurisdiction: International Court of Justice
Core objective(s): Determine how the ICJ awards a country compensation for lost environmental goods and services, including gas regulation and carbon sequestration, resulting from another country’s environment-damaging activities
Current status: closed

On November 18, 2010, Costa Rica filed an action against Nicaragua in the International Court of Justice (ICJ), alleging an “incursion into, occupation of and use by Nicaragua’s army of … read more »


Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR) v. Greece (Opened in 2005 )

Citation/reference number: Complaint No. 30/2005
Jurisdiction: European Committee on Social Rights
Core objective(s): Greece's governance of coal mines and power plants with respect to those facilities impacts on the environment, human health, and occupational health and safety
Current status: open

The Marangopoulos Foundation for Human Rights (MFHR) alleged that the Greek government was not in compliance with Greek, European, and international law owing to the nature of its oversight (and … read more »


Petition of Torres Strait Islanders to the United Nations Human Rights Committee Alleging Violations Stemming from Australia’s Inaction on Climate Change (Opened in 2019 )

Citation/reference number: N/A
Jurisdiction: United Nations Human Rights Committee
Core objective(s): Whether Australia violated the human rights of low-lying islanders through failure to act on climate change
Current status: open

A group of eight Torres Strait Islanders submitted a petition against the Australian government to the United Nations Human Rights Committee. The petition alleges that Australia is violating the plaintiffs’ … read more »


Petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights Seeking Relief from Violations of the Rights of Arctic Athabaskan Peoples Resulting from Rapid Arctic Warming and Melting Caused by Emissions of Black Carbon by Canada (Opened in 2013 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
Core objective(s): Address effects of black carbon on the Athabaskan people via arctic warming
Current status: Decision pending

A petition filed by Earthjustice on behalf of the Arctic Athabaskan Council alleges that Canada’s fragmentary and lax regulations of black carbon emissions threaten the Athabaskan people’s human rights. The … read more »


Able Lott Holdings Pty. Ltd. v. City of Fremantle (Western Australia State Administrative Tribunal, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] WASAT 117
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to approve development of site despite potential flooding
Current status: Decided

This case concerned a development application for retrospective approval of partially completed alterations and additions to an historic warehouse building. One of the principal issues related to potential flooding and … read more »


Abrahams v. Commonwealth Bank of Australia (Opened in 2017 )

Citation/reference number: No. VID __ of 2017
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Bank's alleged failure to disclose climate change-related risks of its investments
Current status: Decision pending

Shareholders of the Commonwealth Bank of Australia sued the bank, alleging that it violated the Corporations Act of 2001 with the issuance of its 2016 annual report, which failed to … read more »


Adani Mining Pty. Ltd. v. Land Services of Coast & Country Inc. & Others (Opened in 2015 )

Citation/reference number: [2015] QLC 48, [2016] FCA 1042
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Consideration of Scope 3 emissions in EIA for planned coal mine
Current status: Decided

This case dealt with a challenge to the Minister’s approval of an Environmental Assessment (EA) of the proposed Anvil Hill Project coal mine, which was expected to produce about 10.5 … read more »


Alanvale Pty. Ltd. v. Southern Rural Water Authority (Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] VCAT 480
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Application to overturn government decision to not grant license for groundwater extraction on basis of climate variability
Current status: Decided

Alanvale Pty Ltd challenged the Southern Rural Water Authority’s decision to deny licenses for groundwater extraction. The Tribunal held that the Southern Rural Water Authority’s claim that there was a … read more »


Aldous v. Greater Taree City Council and Another (Land and Environment Court of New South Wales, 2009) (Opened in 2009 )

Citation/reference number: [2009] NCWELC 17
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to city council decision granting development on beachfront property
Current status: Decided

An Australian court upheld approval of a development application by a city council for a dwelling on a beachfront property. Applicant land owner argued, inter alia, that the Council had … read more »


Anvil Hill Project Watch Association v. Minister for the Environment and Water Resources (Federal Court of Australia, 2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [2008] FCAFC 3
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to government approval of an of an open coal mine
Current status: Decided

Under section 75(1) of the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, the Commonwealth Minister is to assess if a proposed action is a “controlled action.” The Anvil Hill Project Watch … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. De Longhi Australia Pty. Ltd. (2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to corporation for false green advertising
Current status: Decided

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission challenged De Longhi Australia Pty Ltd for falsely claiming that the refrigerant gas R290 used in its portable air conditioners was “environmentally friendly.” De … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. Global Green Plan Ltd. (Federal Court of Australia, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] FCA 1057
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Suit against corporation for misusing funds appropriated for renewable energy investment
Current status: Decided

Global Green Plan Ltd was paid by customers to purchase renewable energy certificates (RECs). In December 2009, Global Green Plan acknowledged that it had not been using the money provided … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. GM Holden Ltd (Federal Court of Australia, 2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [2008] FCA 1428
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Suit against corporation for false green advertising
Current status: Decided

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) filed a suit against GM Holden Ltd for wrongly advertising that Saab vehicles provided “carbon neutral motoring.” GM Holden had claimed that Saab … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. Goodyear Tyres (2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to corporation for false green advertising
Current status: Decided

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) challenged Goodyear Tyres for falsely labeling its LS200 tyres as “environmentally-friendly” because its production process emitted less carbon dioxide and its new BioTRED … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. Prime Carbon Pty. Ltd. (Federal Court of Australia, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Suit against corporation for false green advertising
Current status: Decided

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission challenged Prime Carbon Pty Ltd, a company that sells carbon credits, for falsely claiming that it was certified by the National Stock Exchange of … read more »


Australian Competition & Consumer Commission v. V8 Supercars Australia Pty. Ltd. (2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [no citation available]
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to corporation for false green advertising
Current status: Decided

The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) challenged V8 Supercars Australia Pty Ltd for being misleading in its Racing Green Program’s claim that it was offsetting carbon emissions from its … read more »


Australian Conservation Foundation Inc. v. Minister for the Environment (Opened in 2016 )

Citation/reference number: [2016] FCA 1042
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to approved coal minign project
Current status: open

The Australian Conservation Foundation (ACF) challenged the Minister’s decision to approve the opening of the Carmichael Coal Mine. The project by Adani Mining Pty Ltd involves the construction of a new open-cut and … read more »


Bernhard Seifert v. Colac-Otway Shire Council (Victoria Civil and Administrative Court, 2009) (Opened in 2009 )

Citation/reference number: [2009] VCAT 1453
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Proposed amendment to a building permit
Current status: Decided

An Australia state court approved a permit for the subdivision on land subject to condition that the owner demonstrate how the development will deal with and minimize flood risks to … read more »


Blue Wedges Inc. v. Minister for Environment, Heritage & the Arts (Federal Court of Australia, 2008) (Opened in 2008 )

Citation/reference number: [2008] FCR 399
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge to approval given by Minister for Environment, Heritage and the Arts to deepen shipping channels on grounds that procedure had not been followed as outlined by EPBC Act
Current status: Decided

Blue Wedges Inc challenged the decision made by the Minister for Environment, Heritage and the Arts to approve the Port of Melbourne Corporation’s proposal to deepen the shipping channels in … read more »


Bock v. Moyne SC (Victoria Civil and Administrative Tribunal, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] VCAT 1905
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Approval of permit application without a coastal hazard vulnerability assessment (CHVA)
Current status: Decided

Applicant sought approval of a planning permit and challenged the local council’s request for a coastal hazard vulnerability assessment (CHVA) considering the impact of increased inundation or changing sea level … read more »


Bulga Milbrodale Progress Association Inc. v. Minister for Planning & Infrastructure and Warkworth Mining Ltd. (New South Wales Land and Environment Court, 2013) (Opened in 2013 )

Citation/reference number: [2013] NSWLEC 48
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): To challenge the approval of the extension and continued operation of coal mine due to impacts on biodiversity.
Current status: Decided

Plaintiffs appealed the approval of a mining project that would expand a coal mine into areas previously designated as “non-disturbance areas” and extend the mining permit for ten years. The … read more »


Byron Shire Council v. Vaughan; Vaughan v. Byron Shire Council (Land and Environment Court of New South Wales, 2009) (Opened in 2009 )

Citation/reference number: [2009] NSWLEC 110
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Application for injunction to prevent the building of a coastal wall
Current status: Decided

After strong storms and increased coastal erosion, John and Anne Vaughan attempted to rebuild an interim sandbag wall that was previously approved by the city council in a 2001 development … read more »


Cadzow Enterprises Pty. Ltd. v. Port Phillip City Council (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] VCAT 634
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Relevance of sea level rise and flood risk to grant of planning permission for house construction
Current status: Decided

Residents challenged the County Council’s decision to permit construction of a two-story house near Port Phillip Bay. Though the residents did not make arguments related to climate change or flooding, … read more »


Campbell & Others v. Mornington Peninsula Shire Council (Victoria Civil and Administrative Tribunal, 2010) (Opened in 2010 )

Citation/reference number: [2010] VCAT 1457
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Challenge of approval of construction permit
Current status: Decided

Applicants challenged a redevelopment proposal because of failure to conduct a coastal hazard vulnerability assessment, among other concerns. While affirming the importance of taking a cautious approach to coastal vulnerability … read more »


Carey v. Murrindindi Shire Council (Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal, 2011) (Opened in 2011 )

Citation/reference number: [2011] VCAT 76
Jurisdiction: Australia
Core objective(s): Consideration of application for a permit to build a community hall in an area with a high risk of bushfire
Current status: Decided

At issue in this case was a proposal to build a community hall in an area that was badly burnt by bushfires in February 2009. Citizens objected to the proposal … read more »