Climate Change Laws of the World

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Carbon Tax Act 15 (South Africa / 2019 / Legislative)

The Carbon Tax Act (Act No. 15 of 2019) aims to provide for the imposition of a tax on the carbon dioxide equivalent of greenhouse gas emissions. It defines the … read more »

Climate Act (Netherlands / 2019 / Legislative / Mitigation Framework)

The Climate Act sets legally binding greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets for the Netherlands. Specifically, it mandates the government to reduce its total GHG emissions by 95%, compared with … read more »

Climate Action Plan (Ireland / 2019 / Executive / Mitigation and adaptation Framework)

This plan aims at achieving EU 2030 emissions targets that have been previously set out, as well as reaching net zero emissions by 2050. It formulates 180 actions that need … read more »

Climate Solutions Package (Australia / 2019 / Executive)

In 2019, the Australian government announced the Climate Solutions Package, an AUD 3.5 billion investment to deliver on Australia’s 2030 Paris climate commitments.which consolidated a number of existing government programs … read more »

Myanmar National Climate Change Policy (Myanmar / 2019 / Executive / Mitigation and adaptation Framework)

The National Climate Change Policy, published alongside the National Environment Policy, aims at creating a more robust policy framework to make sure that investment and development plans at all levels … read more »

Organic Law on energy efficiency (Ecuador / 2019 / Legislative)

The Organic law on Energy Efficiency aims to establish a legal framework and operating regime of the National Energy Efficiency System – SNEE, and promote the efficient, rational and sustainable … read more »

2050 Climate Strategy (Marshall Islands / 2018 / Executive / Mitigation and adaptation Framework)

The Tile Til Eo 2050 Climate Strategy “Lighting the way” makes a number of recommendations to achieve the country’s objectives of net zero emissions by 2050 and 100 % renewable … read more »

Angola Energy 2025 (Angola / 2018 / Executive)

The Strategy Angola Energia 2025 assesses the main long-term options and establishes the Government’s atlas and vision for development of the electricity sector in the 2018-2025 horizon, identifying priority investments … read more »

Basic Environment Plan (Japan / 2018 / Executive)

Japan’s Basic Environmental Plan defines the principles that govern the implementation of environmental policies in Japan, especially with respect to climate change policies. It also outlines the current policy frameworks … read more »

Budget 2018 (carbon tax) (Singapore / 2018 / Legislative)

The budget stipulates that Singapore will impose a carbon tax entering into force in 2019. All facilities producing 25,000 tonnes or more of greenhouse gas emissions in a year will have … read more »

Climate Change Adaptation Act (Japan / 2018 / Legislative / Adaptation Framework)

This Act aims at enhancing adaptation efforts in Japan. It enshrines into law the 2015 National Adaptation Plan and sets updated obligations. It charges authorities to take effective measures in … read more »

Climate Smart Agriculture Policy (Zimbabwe / 2018 / Executive)

The Climate Smart Agriculture Policy aims at ensuring that farmers and agricultural advisers adopt practices consistent with a changing climate. The Policy is based on the Climate-Smart Agricultural Manual for … read more »

Comprehensive management plan for climate change in the energy mining sector (Colombia / 2018 / Executive)

This Plan was adopted by the ministerial Resolution no 4 0807. The Plan aims at reducing vulnerability to climate change and promoting low carbon development at sector level, strengthening and protecting the … read more »

Decree no 2.17.655 creating the Strategic Committee for Sustainable Development (Morocco / 2018 / Executive)

The present decree creates the Strategic Committee for Sustainable Development, which will also oversee climate change matters. The decree comes as an application of framework law no 99.12, art. 15, … read more »

Decree No. 41122 – “Formalises the Program Carbon Neutral Country 2.0” (Costa Rica / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree formalises the Carbon Neutrality 2.0 Country Program in the organisational and cantonal categories. The Program’s objective is to provide a mechanism to recognise the proper management of Greenhouse … read more »

Decree No. 41127 creating the National Measuring System for Climate Change (Costa Rica / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree creates the National Climate Change Metric System (SINAMECC) which constitutes the official coordination platform, and institutional and sectoral linkage of the Costa Rican State to facilitate the management … read more »

Decree No. 52 creating the Permanent Presidential Advisory Committee on Climate Change (Chile / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree establishes the Permanent Presidential Advisory Committee on Climate Change, which will have the mission of advising the Presidency of the Republic in all matters related to the identification … read more »

Decree No. 9.578 – consolidates executive regulations on Climate Change (Brazil / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree consolidates the normative acts issued by the Federal Executive Power about the National Climate Change Fund regulated by Law No. 12.114 of December 9, 2009, and the National … read more »

Decree No. 9308 – establishing the annual compulsory targets for greenhouse gas emission reduction related to fuel trade referred to in Law No. 13.576 (Brazil / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree establishes annual compulsory targets for greenhouse gas emission reduction related to fuel trade, which is dealt with in art. 6 of Law 13.576, for a minimum period of … read more »

Decree-Law no. 4/2018 on incentives to electric mobility (Portugal / 2018 / Executive)

This Decree-Law creates an incentive to promote the replacement of fossil fuels with electricity for the supply of municipal public passenger transport vehicles. The regime provided for in this decree-law … read more »

Energy Law (compliant with the EU Third Energy Package) (Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of) / 2018 / Legislative)

The Energy Law transposes the European Union’s Third Energy Package. Macedonia was the only Contracting Party where small businesses and all household customers were deprived of their right to purchase … read more »

Energy Renovation in Buildings Plan (France / 2018 / Executive)

The fifth-year Energy Renovation in Buildings Plan, released in April 2018, is the government’s strategy to meet the challenge of carbon neutrality and improve the purchasing power. The plan offers … read more »

Energy Route 2018-2022 (Chile / 2018 / Executive)

The Energy route 2018-2020 presents a strategic and long-term perspective, with a country vision of where the country’s energy policy should head. It was developed trough a participatory and decentralised … read more »

Fossil Fuel Divestment Act 2016 (Ireland / 2018 / Legislative)

This law commits Ireland’s national treasury to divesting its Strategic Investment Fund entirely from fossil fuels within five years after the passage of the law. Specifically, it compels the national … read more »

Framework Law no 30754 on Climate Change (Peru / 2018 / Legislative / Mitigation and adaptation Framework)

The Framework Law on Climate Change, published on April 18, 2018, establishes the principles, approaches and general provisions to coordinate, articulate, design, execute, report, monitor, evaluate and disseminate public policies … read more »