Réka Markovich

Réka Markovich, JD holds four positions in Hungary: she is assistant professor at the Department of Business Law at Budapest University of Technology and Economics; she is a PhD student (ABD) at the Department of Logic at Eötvös Loránd University (ELTE), where she is also employed as a junior research fellow and a lecturer. She obtained her law degree at Pázmány Péter Catholic University (in 2005), also receiving there an M.A. in Communication (in 2007). She received her M.A. in Logic and Theory of Science at ELTE (in 2012). In the spring of 2017, she was a visiting research scholar at University of Edinburgh’s Law School. Her research focuses on deontic logic and other facets of the relations between logic and law; she is currently working on developing a formal representation of Hohfeldian fundamental legal conceptions.

Dates of Visit: 21 September 2017 – 23 March 2018

Project Description: Hohfeld’s analysis of the different types of rights and duties is highly influential in analytical legal theory. Yet a century later, the formalization of his theory remains, in various ways, unresolved. Réka Markovich has been developing her own uniform approach to formally representing Hohfeldian conceptions. Her starting point is David Makinson’s and Marek Sergot’s critique and comments on the theory of normative positions’ developed by Kanger and Lindahl. She aims, on the one hand, to provide solutions to what Sergot perceives as shortcomings or limitations of classical approaches. On the other hand, she incorporates various considerations from legal theory that she considers fundamental to formalizing law (as well as understanding, grasping what being law consists in). The formal system she has developed is based on state enforcement in the case of the claim-right’s group of rights and duties, and the power’s duty-generating potential in case of the power’s group. During her time at CPNSS, Réka Markovich will focus on developing a semantics that can be added to a syntax built up along the above lines using SDL and ET as axiomatic background systems.