Discussion Papers


Year One (July 2009 - June 2010)


  1. God's Order, Man's Order and the Order of Nature Nancy Cartwright
  2. The Causal Autonomy of the Special Sciences Peter Mezies and Christian List
  3. Laws of Nature, Moral Order and the Intelligibility of the Cosmos  Peter Harrison
  4. A Sketch of How Agents Enter the World of Events Tim Mawson  
  5. Rerum Concordia Discors: Robustness and Discordant Multimodal Evidence Jacob Stegenga
  6. Rethinking Free Will: New Perspectives on an Ancient Problem Robert Kane
  7. Free Will, Laws of Physics and Contexts Robert Bishop
  8. Special Sciences, Conspiracy and the Better Best System Account of Lawhood Craig Callender and Jonathan Cohen  
  9. Who's Afraid of Nagelian Reduction? Foad Dizadji-Bahman, Roman Frigg, Stephen Hartmann
  10. Confirmation and Reduction Foad Dizadji-Bahman, Roman Frigg, Stephen Hartmann
  11. Beyond Reduction: What can Philosophy of Mind learn from Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science? Steven Horst
  12. Avoiding Neurobiological Reductionism: The Role of Downward Causation in Complex Systems Nancey Murphy
  13. Cooperation, Conflicts and Compromise Jordi Cat
  14. The Diversity of Powers Rom Harre
  15. Laws of Nature and Branching Spacetime Storrs McCall
  16. Free Will and Two Accounts of Natural Laws StevenHorst  
  17. The Hodge Podge of Nature Nancy Cartwright

Year Two (July 2010 - June 2011)

  1. God as a Natural Cause: John Polkinghorne and the NIODA project Ignacio A. Silva
  2. Queen Physics: What is the Stretch of her Domain? Nancy Cartwright
  3. Physicalism and the Part-Whole Relation, Andreas Huttemann
  4. What, precisely, is meant by 'the Economy'? Margaret Schabas
  5. Theological Attitudes to Naturalism Keith Ward
  6. Analysis of Theories and Synthesis of Models Jordi Cat, Thom Gennaro
  7. The Invisible Hand and the Laws of Nature Peter Harrison
  8. Darwin on Law, Order - and God John Hedley Brooke
  9. Laws impressed on Matter by the Creator? John Hedley Brooke
  10. A Philosopher's Perspective on Anthropic Fine Tuning Tim Mawson
  11. Order, Disorder, Noise Eleonora Montuschi
  12. Darwin's Laws Chris Haufe
  13. Natural Laws and Divine Agency in the Later Seventeenth Century Dennis Des Chene
  14. Order of Man, Order of Nature: Francis Bacon's idea of 'dominion' over Nature Eleonora Montuschi
  15. Complexity, Contextual Emergence and Causation Robert Bishop
  16. Excluding the Causal Exclusion Argument against Nonreductive Physicalism Robert Bishop
  17. Will this Policy work for You? PSA Address Nancy Cartwright
  18. Mind, Brain and Downward Causation Carlos Moya
  19. Localizing Cognitive Operations in Parts of Dynamically Active Brains William Bechtel
  20. Identity, Reduction and Conserved Mechanisms: Perspectives from Circadian Rythm Research William Bechtel
  21. Causation and Order in Islamic Kalam Towfic Shomar
  22. Polkinghorne and Cartwright on Pluralism and Metaphysics Eric Martin
  23. Powers versus Laws: God and the Order of Nature in Aquinas, Scotas and Ockham Marilyn McCord Adams
  24. Power, Cause and Law in Malebranche's Occasionalism Robert Merrihew Adams
  25. Kant and the End of Theodicy Karl Ameriks
  26. Leibniz on Monadic Change Martha Bolton
  27. Kant on Hoping for a Miracle Andrew Chignall
  28. Kant's Theory of Divine and Secondary Causation Desmond Hogan
  29. The Order of Nature and Moral Luck: Maimonides on Divine Providence Steven Nadler
  30. Laws and Powers in Leibniz Donald Rutherford
  31. Kant on Man, God and the Order of Nature Eric Watkins
  32. God, Belief and Explanation Michael Redhead

 Year Three (July 2011-June2012)

  1. The Doctrine of Creation: A Theological View of Science Robert Bishop
  2. God and Methodological Naturalism in the Scientific Revolution Robert Bishop
  3. Did Paley go Beyond Paley? John Hedley Brooke
  4. Maxwell's Scientific Metaphysics and Natural Philosophy of Action Jordi Cat
  5. Fluid Convection, Constraint and Causation Robert Bishop
  6. Classical Theism has No Implications for the Debate between Libertarianism and Compatibilism Tim Mawson
  7. Pluralism: A Curse or a Blessing for Social Order? Eleonora Montuschi
  8. The Principles of Continuity in Origins of Life Research Eric Martin
  9. Kant and the Order of Possibility Peter Yong

Year Four (July 2012-June2013)

  1. Natural Laws and Social Conventions: Exceptions as a Case Study Giulia Pravato
  2. Ordering Knowledge by Methodical Doubt: Francis Bacon's Constructive Scepticism   Eleonora Montuschi
  3. Late Feyerabend against Scientific Materialism Eric Martin



The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion|, edited by Peter Harrison, reviewed by Russell ReManning, Cambridge

Free Will: A Guide for the Perplexed |Tim Mawson, reviewed by Michael Tiboris, UCSD

Laws, Mind and Free Will |Steven Horst, reviewed by Sophie Allen, Oxford

Related Publications by members of the Research Team

  1. 'A Difficulty Still Awaits: Kant, Spinoza and the Threat of Theological Determinism' Eric Watkins, Kimberley Brewer (forthcoming)
  2. 'Evidence-Based Policy: Where is our Theory of Evidence?', Journal of Children's Services (special edition), December 2009 4 (4), Nancy Cartwright
  3. 'How To Do Things with Causes', APA Presidential Address, APA Proceedings and Addresses, November 2009 83(2), Nancy Cartwright
  4. 'Divine-Human Action – Austin Farrer.  A contrast with the classical action theories of Maurice Blondel and Edith Stein, and some contemporary thinkers', in Praxis.  Jahrbuch der Internationalen Maurice Blondel-Forschungsstelle für Religionsphilosophie. Vol II. Klassische Handlungstheorien.  M. Gerhard, S. Grätzel (eds).  London, 2009, Margaret Yee
  5. 'Science and Secularization' in The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion, Peter Harrison (ed.), Cambridge University Press, 2010, John Hedley Brooke
  6. 'Natural Laws and the Closure of Physics' in Visions of Discovery: New Light on Physics, Cosmology and Consciousness, Cambridge University Press, 2010, Nancy Cartwright
  7. 'The Limitations of RCTs in Predicting Effectiveness' (with Eileen Munro), JECP Issue on Philosophy in Medicine and Health Care, March/April 2010 16 (2), Nancy Cartwright
  8. 'What are Randomised Controlled Trials Good For?', Philosophical Studies, 2010 147(1), Nancy Cartwright
  9. 'Reply to Steel and Pearl: Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics', Economics and Philosophy, March 2010 26(1), Nancy Cartwright
  10. 'Relativism in the Philosophy of Science', in Relativism: A Contemporary Anthology, Columbia University Press, 2010, Nancy Cartwright
  11. Foreword to Fictions and Models: New Essdays, Munich: Philosophia Verlag, 2010, Nancy Cartwright
  12. 'Description of Hunting Causes and Using Them: Approaches in Philosophy and Economics and 'Replies to Longworth and Weber', Analysis, 2010 70(2), Nancy Cartwright
  13. 'Models: Parables v Fables', in Beyond Mimesis and Convention: Representation in Art and Science, R. Frigg and M. Hunter (eds), New York: Springer 2010, Nancy Cartwright
  14. 'Fictions in Science', Fictions and Models: New Essagys, J. Woods (ed.), Philosoophia Verlag, 2010, Roman Frigg
  15. 'Reduction and Emergence: A Critical Perspective' in Human Identity at the Intersection of Science, Technology, and Religion (Murphy and Knight eds.), Ashgate, 2010, Nancey Murphy
  16. 'Reductionism' in Religion Past & Present, 4th ed. Brill, 2010, Nancey Murphy
  17. 'Divine Action, Emergence, and Scientific Explanation', in Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion, P. Harrison (ed.), Cambridge, 2010, Nancey Murphy
  18. 'God as the Ultimate Information Principle' in Information and the Nature of Reality: from Physics to Metaphysics, P.  Davies and N. Gregsersen (eds.), Cambridge University Press, 2010, Keith Ward
  19. More than Matter? what humans really are, Lion 2010, Keith Ward
  20. Free Will: A Guide for the Perplexed, Continuum, 2011, T.J. Mawson
  21. 'Does Quantum Mechanics Clash with the Equivalence Principle - and Does it Matter?', European Journal for Philosophy of Science (with Elias Okon), 2011, Craig Callender
  22. 'The Past Histories of Molecules', in Probabilities in Physics, C. Beisbart and S. Hartmann (eds.), OUP, 2011, Craig Callender
  23. 'The Transcendental Domain of Physics', in Constituting Objectivity, M. Bitbol, P. Kerzberg and J. Petitot (eds.), Paris: Springer Science, 2011, Rom Harre
  24. 'The Laws of Nature, Moral Order and the Intelligibility of the Cosmos' in The Astronomy Revolution: 400 Years of Explaining the Cosmos, D.York, O Gingerich, S-N Zhang (eds), New York:Taylor and Francis, 2011, Peter Harrison
  25. 'Adam Smith and the History of the Invisible Hand', Journal of the History of Ideas (72), 2011, Peter Harrison
  26. 'Experimental Religion and Experimental Science in Early Modern England', Intellectual History Review (21), 2011, Peter Harrison
  27. 'Nature and Human Nature: The Elephant in theRoom', in This Sacred Earth: Scientific and Religious Perspectives on Nature and Humanity's Place Within It, P.J. Kirbas (ed.), Wyndham Hall Press, 2011, Nancey Murphy
  28. 'Anti-Cartesianism and Downward Causation: Reshaping the Free-Will Debate', in Visions of Discrovery: New Light on Physics, Cosmology and Consciousness, R.Y. Chiao et al. (eds.), Cambridge University, 2011, Nancey Murphy
  29. 'Predicting What Will Happen When We Act: What Counts for Warrant?, Preventive Medicine, September 2011 (53), Nancy Cartwright
  30. 'Keeping Track of Neurath's Bill: Abstract Concepts, Stock Models and the Unity of Classical Physics' (with G. Contessa and S. Steed), in Otto Neurath and the Unity of Science, Stuttgart: Springer, 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  31. 'Hunting Causes and Using Them: Is There No Bridge from Here to There?' (with Sophia Efstathiou, International Studies in the Philosophy of Science, September 2011 25(3), Nancy Cartwright
  32. 'A Theory of Measurement' (with N. Bradburn), The Importance of Common Metrics for Advancing Social Science Theory and Research: Proceedings of the National Research Council Committee on Common Metrics, April 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  33. 'Evidence, External Validity and Explanatory Relevance', in Philosophy of Science Matters:  The Philosophy of Peter Achinstein, New York: OUP, 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  34. 'A Philosophers View of the Long Road from RCTs to Effectiveness', The Lancet (Art of Medicine Section), Vol. 377, 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  35. 'Predicting 'It Will Work for Us': (Way) Beyond Statistics', in Causality in the Sciences, New York: OUP, 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  36. 'A Theory of Evidence for Evidence-Based Policy' (with Jacob Stegenga), in Evidence, Inference and Enquiry (Proceedings of the British Academy), New York: OUP, 2011, Nancy Cartwright
  37. 'Austin Farrer's A Science of God', in Philosophie, Theologie, Litterature, in tribute to Savier Tilliette, Louvain-Paris, 2011, Margaret Yee
  38. 'Realistic Opinion Aggregation: Lehrer-Wagner with Finit Values', Episteme (9), 2012, Richard Bradley
  39. 'Knowledge is Sexy' (with Alexis Mourenza), Philo 14 (1), 2011, Nicholas Smith
  40. Is Religion Irrational?, Lion/Hudson 2011, Keith Ward
  41. Objectivity and Scientific Evidence Carocci, 2012, Eleonora Montuschi
  42. 'Multidimensional Semantics for Conditionals', Philosophical Review 121 (4), 2012, Richard Bradley
  43. 'Inspiration in Science and Religion: Historical Perspectives', in Inspiration in Science and Religion, M. Fuller (ed), Cambridge Scholars Press, 2012, John Hedley Brooke
  44. 'Path Dependence, Ecology and Restoration', proceedings of 2012 PSA meeting, as a result of 'Governance of Nature' conference, LSE 2010, Eric Desjardins
  45. 'RCTs, Evidence and Predicting Policy Effectiveness', The Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of the Social Sciences, New York: OUP, 2012, Nancy Cartwright
  46. 'Warranting the Use of Causal Claims: A Non-trivial Case for Interdisciplinarity' (with Menno Rol), Theoria 2012 (27), Nancy Cartwright
  47. Evidence Based Policy: A Practical Guide to doing it Better (with Jeremy Hardie), OUP, 2012, Nancy Cartwright
  48. 'A New Approach to the Approach to Equilibrium', in Probability in Physics, (with Charlotte Werndl),  (Y. Ben-Menahem and M. Hemmo (eds.), Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012, Roman Frigg
  49. 'Is Christianity at Odds with Science?', in Controversies in Theism, Chad Meister (ed.), 2012, Keith Ward
  50. 'Berkeley's Idealist Castle', in God and the Scientist; exploring the work of John Polkinghorne, F. Watts and C. Knight (eds.), Ashgate, 2012, Keith Ward
  51. 'Powerful Particulars Revisited', R. Goff and J. Greco (eds.), Powers and Capacities in Philosophy, London: Routledge, 2013, Rom Harre
  52. 'Ready to Aid One Another: Darwin on Nature, God and Cooperation', in Evolution, Games and God, S. Coakley and M. Nowak (eds.), Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013, John Hedley Brooke
  53. 'Laws of Nature in Seventeenth Century England: From Cambridge Platonism to Newtonianism' in The Divine Order, The Human Order, and the Order of Nature: Historical Perspectives, E. Watkins (ed), OUP 2013 - an Order Project publication, Peter Harrison
  54. 'Austin Farrer', in Modern Theology Volume, Fifty Theological Thinkers - From Modern to Postmodern Theologians, Ashgate Ltd., 2013, Margaret Yee
  55. 'Contingency as Historicity: Not by Chance Alone', forthcoming in Chance in Evolution, University of Chicago Press, as a result of 'Governance of Nature' conference, LSE 2010, Eric Desjardins
  56. 'Aristotelian Powers: Without Them, What Would Modern Science Do?' (with John Pemberton), in Powers and Capacities in Philosophy: The New Aristotelianism, New York: Routledge, Feb 2013, Nancy Cartwright
  57. 'Will This Policy Work for You?', Philosophy of Science Association Presidential Address, forthcoming in Philosophy of Science, Nancy Cartwright
  58. 'Knowing what we are talking about: Why Evidence doesn't always travel', forthcoming in Evidence and Policy, Nancy Cartwright
  59. 'EBP: Where Rigor Matters' (with Alex Marcellesi), forthcoming in a volume in honour of Pat Suppes, Nancy Cartwright
  60. 'The Myopia of Imperfect Climate Models: The Case of UKCP', forthcoming in Philosophy of Science (with Dave Stainforth and Leonard A. Amith), Roman Frigg
  61. Can You Count the Clouds, forthcoming 2013, Tom McLeish
  62. 'Christianity and Modern Science in the West: An Overview', Omega: indian Journal of Science and Religion, forthcoming, Nancey Murphy


The Order Project now hosts a database of scholarly work related to our topics of interest.  It is an ongoing active repository for recent work on subjects including laws of nature, ideas of governance in nature, causation, and emergence, from across the disciplines of philosophy of science, history of science, theology, history of philosophy, philosophy of physics,  philosophy of biology and philosophy of social sciences.