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CATS Research Grants

Current Research Grants

  • Visualisation of Climate Model Output and Uncertainties for the DECC 2050 Global Calculator
    Summary: Dr Erica Thompson and Professor Leonard Smith are working on visualisation and communication of the IPCC's climate projections, in partnership with the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC). This is part of the 2050 Global Calculator project which aims to inform the debate about energy and climate systems in the run up to the UNFCCC Paris COP in 2015. 
    Funded by: NERC PURE Associates
    Project duration: November 2013 - May 2014
  • Improving the Safety of RNLI Operations through a better use of Probabilistic Weather Information
    Summary: Research student Edward Wheatcroft and Professor Leonard Smith are working with the RNLI to provide support for lifeboat operators with respect to both current and potential meteorological  conditions. By providing guidance to develop tools that give real time information on the weather outlook, the target is to help provide decision makers with better support to make the right choices with regards to the safety of both the lifeboat crew and the general public.
    Funded by: NERC PURE Associates
    Project duration: November 2013 - May 2014
  • CELSIUS - Combined Efficient Large Scale Integrated Urban Systems
    Summary: This project involves a number of leading utilities organizations as well as academic partners. It aims to maximize carbon savings in cities by maximizing the unused energy saving potential through tackling ways to effectively and efficiently recover energy losses.
    Funded by: EU
    Lead Research Organisation: City of Gothenburg
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Henry Wynn
    Project duration - April 2013 - March 2017 
  • Delivering and Evaluating Multiple Flood Risk Benefits (Blue-Green Cities)
    Summary: New strategies for managing urban flood risk are required, necessitating radical changes in the ways cities are managed, planned and developed. Previous research has identified multiple options and measures for future urban flood risk management that align with more general targets for water centric, sustainable communities. However, it remains unclear how these options and measures can be: (1) delivered in practice, and (2) comprehensively evaluated in terms of their benefits and costs. This project aims to develop novel ways of driving new, resilient urban forms and fabrics through delivering measures to manage flood events sustainably while enhancing urban life; providing scope for radical solutions under new build; and, realising possibilities for improving existing performance through retrofit and urban renewal.
    Funded by: EPSRC
    Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith
    Project duration: January 2013 - December 2015
    Grant reference: EP/K013661/1 
    Wikipedia entry.  Project blog.
  • Communicating the Character of Climate Change Uncertainty 
    Summary: The project aims to encourage a wider and more informed public discourse around the challenges of understanding and responding to the problems of climate change. It will build on the exhibition materials produced for the Royal Society Summer Science Exhibition in 2011.
    Funded by: HEIF5
    Grant holder: Dr David Stainforth
    Project duration: January 2013 - June 2014
  • Integrated Ocean Observing Systems
    Summary: Dr Ralph Rayner is the industry liaison for the US Interagency Ocean Observation Committee (IOOC) and the US Intergrated Ocean Observing Committee (IOOS) that it coordinates. Dr Rayner acts as the information point for a broad range of relevant industries; implements and manages a network for the exchange of information; and organises outreach workshops which promote the socioeconomic benefits of ocean observations. He also supports the interface between US IOOS and regional initiatives in other countries as well as the interface with the United Nations coordinated Global Ocean Observing System. Dr Rayner gave a presentation on the Global Ocean Observing System at the CATS 10th Anniversary event in October 2010. Link to talk here.
    Funded by: US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    Principal Investigator: Dr Ralph Rayner 
    Project duration: 2007 - ongoing
  • RAPID-RAPIT - Risk Assessment, Probability and Impact Team
    Summary: A collaborative project that is attempting to quantify the likelihood of a shut down in the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) in the North Atlantic.
    Funded by: NERC
    Lead Research Organisation: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
    Grant reference: NE/G015392/1
    Grant holder: Dr David Stainforth
    Projection duration: October 2009 - ongoing
  • The Munich Re Programme - Evaluating the Economics of Climate Risks and Opportunities in the Insurance Sector
    Summary: The programme, part of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP), focuses on informing the insurance sector on the impacts of alternative approaches to carbon finance and emission trading; aiding the design of trading schemes and suggesting new financial service products to be developed; informing decision-makers, at the company level and the country level, on how better to balance investment between mitigation and adaptation, survivability and sustainability.
    Funded by: Munich Re
    Project duration: October 2008 - ongoing

Recent and Past Grants

  • EQUIP - End-to-End Quantification of Uncertainty for Impacts Prediction  Summary: EQUIP brought together the UK climate modelling, statistical modelling and impacts communities to work closely together for the first time on developing risk-based prediction for decision making in the face of climate variability and change. EQUIP was a collaborative project involving eleven UK universities and research institutions. In CATS our focus was to contrast information from statistical models of observational time series with the output of complicated dynamical models of the atmosphere/ocean system. Our aim was to quantify the spatial and temporal scales on which these different methods could provide quantitative input to policy decisions.
    Main conclusions of the project.
    Funded by: NERC
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith and Dr David Stainforth. 
    Grant reference: NE/H003479/1 
    Project duration: January 2010 - December 2012
  • Can a Citation Database give a Fair View of Research Quality?
    Summary: Developing multi-faceted statistics for the insightful comparison of researchers, departments, and universities. This project aims to develop, illustrate and evaluate new measures of research quality based on quantitative analysis of the quantity, quality and diversity of citations to an individual's published research papers; to illustrate the need for multi-variate measures; to demonstrate variations between fields of study, and develop methods to account for these variations; and to evaluate the strengths and weakness of proposed statistics, in particular how transparent they are and how easily it might be manipulated.
    Funded by: STICERD
    Project duration: June 2009 - November 2009
  • Blue Gene Project
    Summary: To examine the ability of state of the art general circulation models to shadow the observations; starting with EC Earth (the models considered will vary with the permissions granted the Bluegene team. We will aim to consider both seasonal time scales and beyond, investigating the durations over which models can shadow temperature in Nino3.4 and the Atlantic Main Development region, and establish a methodology of lasting value in evaluating the relevance of large models to the insurance sector, as well as evaluating the current state of the art. This will also set the baseline for designing "climate shadowing experiments over decadal periods. In addition, we would hope to assist in climate@home the (US version of climateprediction.net) and to use the climate@home model(s) in parallel shadowing experiments, investigating experimental design incorporating the synergistic use of distributed computing informed by focused Bluegene runs. 
    Funded by: Lloyd's of London, utilising Hartree Centre computational resources
  • Climate Change and the Insurance Industry (CCII)
    Funded by: EC FP7 - People - Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways scheme. 
    Grant holder: Professor Henry Wynn
    Project duration: August 2008 - July 2012
  • MUCM - Managing Uncertainty in Complex Models  
    Summary: The project was held by a comsortium of five universities - Sheffield (the lead partner), Durham, Aston, Southampton and LSE. MUCM was a multidisciplinary project concerned with quantifying and reducing uncertainty in the predictions of complex models across a wide range of application areas, including basic science, environmental science, engineering, technology, biosciences, and economics. The first phase of MUCM drew to a close in September 2010 and was followed by a second two-year phase (MUCM2). There was special emphasis on a number of areas of interest to the wider CATS programme, including stochastic simulation and modelling for decision making.
    Funded by: Research Councils UK
    Principal investigator at LSE: Professor Henry Wynn
    Project duration: June 2006 - December 2012
  • ENSEMBLES - Ensemble-based Predictions of Climate Changes and their Impacts  
    Summary: To develop an ensemble prediction system of climate changes and their impacts.
    Funded by: EU 6th Framework Programme / Integrated project 
    Grant reference: GOCE-CT-2003-505539-ENSEMBLES 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: LSE CATS budget £108,306 
    Project duration: 1 September 2004 - 31 December 2009
  • NAPSTER - Nonlinear Analysis & Prediction Statistics from Timeseries & Ensemble-forecast Realizations
    Summary: To set a basis for an innovative knowledge transfer mechanism between science base and users of the environmental predictions.
    Funded by: NERC
    Grant reference: NE/D00120X/1  
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith 
    Total value: £152,481 
    Project duration: 1 November 2005 - 30 April 2008
  • DIME - Direct & Inverse Modelling in End-to-End Environmental Estimation  Summary: To track uncertainty, both from model inadequacy and from the unknown initial state of the atmosphere, all the way through the modelling process, to yield estimates of the uncertainty in quantities of industrial interest.
    Funded by: EPSRC-DTI Smith Institute Faraday Partnership
    Grant reference: GR/R92363/01 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £94,360 (plus industrial in-kind support from EDF Energy and Risk Management Solutions).
    Project duration: 1 March 2003 - 31 August 2005
  • REMIND - Real-time Modelling of Nonlinear Datastreams
    Summary: The analysis of time series of frequency of the national grid, extracting information on the state of the grid from very long, high resolution data sets, and on detecting imminent failure in rotating machinery from observations in the way they vibrated.
    Funded by: EPSRC-DTI Smith Institute Faraday Partnership Grant reference: GR/R92271/01
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith 
    Total value: £85,827 (plus industrial in-kind support from National Grid Company and Intertec).
    Project duration: 1 March 2003 - 28 February 2005
  • Climateprediction.net: A practical platform for ensemble Earth System Modelling. 
    Summary: A distributed computing project that aimed to produce predictions of the Earth's climate up to 2100 and to test the accuracy of climate models. To do this, it utilised computers of people from around the world - making use of time when they had their computers switched on, but were not using them to full capacity.
    Funded by: NERC
    Grant reference: NE/C515747/ 
    Grant holder: Myles Allen, Oxford University
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £283,627.93
    Project duration: November 2003 - October 2006
  • Climate Variability 
    Summary: Ensemble simulations of observed climate variability.
    Funded by: University of California, San Diego
    Grant reference: 10255373 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith 
    Total value: £16,026 
    Project duration: 1 November 2005 - 30 June 2006 
  • Weather Risk Management 
    Summary: Improving operational weather risk management, demand forecasts and the use of joint distributions.
    Funded by: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
    Grant reference: S05-54803
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith 
    Total value: £10,526 
    Project duration: 16 May 2005 - 15 April 2006 
  • Towards Identifying and Increasing the Socio-Economic Value of High-Impact Weather Forecasts 
    Summary: To support a Pembroke research fellowship in applied probabilistic meteorology.
    Funded by: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    Grant reference: Lenny Smith - NOAA 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith 
    Total value: £94,538 
    Project duration: 1 October 2003 - 30 September 2004
  • Improved Risk Management via Probabilistic Weather Forecasts  
    Summary: Interpreting ensemble forecasts for risk analysis.
    Funded by: Royal Dutch Shell 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value:  £21,873 
    Project duration: 1 June 2002 - 1 January 2004
  • 2002 EC Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship 
    Held by Dr Antje Weisheimer, to work with Professor Leonard Smith within CATS on the predictability in large climate models and the uncertainty ranges for evaluation of ensemble climate forecasts.
    Project duration: 2002 - 3003