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Past Reseach Grants

  • Climate Science into the Boardroom (CIBR)
    Summary: A follow-on to an earlier NERC-funded 'PURE Associate' project, during which a methodology was developed for interactively visualising the climate impacts of different energy system choices for 2050. The results of the original project can now be viewed on the Global Calculator web tool. The aims of the current project are to: develop the climate science representation in the Global Calculator in a scientifically rigorous and easily understandable format; facilitate relationships and information-sharing between 'science' and 'boardroom', in particular helping climate science to focus more on making scientific outputs genuinely actionable and relevant, and helping users/decision-makers to understand where the limits of actionable and relevant information lie; ensure that insight, confidence and uncertainty are each fairly represented; transparent, open-source materials and documentation at all levels.
    Funded by: NERC
    Principal Investigator: Professor Leonard Smith
    Project duration: October 2014 - December 2016
    Grant reference: NE/M008304/1
  • Analysis of Weather Data
    Summary: The identification of potential local data streams, for example, pilot weather stations, non-public data and internet data and then to undertake analysis of weather data to identify factors which drive safety. Areas of focus are: identifying ways of collecting hyper local weather data including using RNLI premises to do so; identifying ways of collating and analysing data to predict hyper local weather conditions; considering ways of using predicted hyper local weather conditions to produce safety information, in useable formats, for the RNLI, the Coastguard and the general public.
    Funded by: Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI)
    Principal Investigator: Professor Leonard Smith
    Project duration: 17 September 2015 - 30 November 2016
  • RAPID-RAPIT - Risk Assessment, Probability and Impace Team
    Summary: A collaborative project that is attempting to quantify the likelihood of a shut down in the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) in the North Atlantic.
    Funded by: NERC
    Lead Research Organisation: National Oceanography Centre, Southampton
    Grant reference: NE/G015392/1
    Grant holder: Dr David Stainforth
    Projection duration: October 2009 -
  • Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change, phase II (AVOID 2)
    Summary: CATS is providing knowledge integration for the AVOID 2 programme, by collating AVOID 2 and other research into policy relevant material for use by government stakeholders.
    Project duration: August 2014 - March 2016
  • Blue-Green Cities - Delivering and Evaluating Multiple Flood Risk Benefits
    Summary: New strategies for managing urban flood risk are required, necessitating radical changes in the ways cities are managed, planned and developed. Previous research has identified multiple options and measures for future urban flood risk management that align with more general targets for water centric, sustainable communities. However, it remains unclear how these options and measures can be: (1) delivered in practice, and (2) comprehensively evaluated in terms of their benefits and costs. This project aims to develop novel ways of driving new, resilient urban forms and fabrics through delivering measures to manage flood events sustainably while enhancing urban life; providing scope for radical solutions under new build; and, realising possibilities for improving existing performance through retrofit and urban renewal. Wikipedia entry.
    Funded by: EPSRC
    Lead Research Organisation: University of Nottingham
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith
    Project duration: January 2013 - January 2016
    Grant reference: EP/K013661/1 
  • Visualisation of Climate Model Output and Uncertainties for the DECC 2050 Global Calculator
    Summary: Dr Erica Thompson and Professor Leonard Smith are working on visualisation and communication of the IPCC's climate projections, in partnership with the UK Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC). This is part of the 2050 Global Calculator project which aims to inform the debate about energy and climate systems in the run up to the UNFCCC Paris COP in 2015.
    Funded by: NERC PURE Associates
    Project duration: November 2013 - January 2015
  • Improving the Safety of RNLI Operations through a better use of Probabilistic Weather Information
    Summary: Research student Edward Wheatcroft and Professor Leonard Smith worked with the RNLI to provide support for lifeboat operators with respect to both current and potential meteorological conditions. By providing guidance to develop tools that give real time information on the weather outlook, the target was to help provide decision makers with better support to make the right choices with regards to the safety of both the lifeboat crew and the general public.
    Funded by: NERC PURE Associates
    Project duration: November 2013 - May 2014
  • The Munich Re Programme - Evaluating the Economics of Climate Risks and Opportunities in the Insurance Sector
    Summary: The programme, part of the Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy (CCCEP), focused on informing the insurance sector on the impacts of alternative approaches to carbon finance and emission trading; aiding the design of trading schemes and suggesting new financial service products to be developed; informing decision-makers, at the company level and the country level, on how better to balance investment between mitigation and adaptation, survivability and sustainability.
    Funded by: Munich Re
    Project duration: October 2008 - September 2013
  • EQUIP - End-to-End Quantification of Uncertainty for Impacts Prediction  Summary: EQUIP brought together the UK climate modelling, statistical modelling and impacts communities to work closely together for the first time on developing risk-based prediction for decision making in the face of climate variability and change. EQUIP was a collaborative project involving eleven UK universities and research institutions. In CATS our focus was to contrast information from statistical models of observational time series with the output of complicated dynamical models of the atmosphere/ocean system. Our aim was to quantify the spatial and temporal scales on which these different methods could provide quantitative input to policy decisions. Main conclusions of the project.
    Funded by: NERC
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith and Dr David Stainforth.
    Grant reference: NE/H003479/1 
    Project duration: January 2010 - December 2012
  • Can a Citation Database give a Fair View of Research Quality?
    Summary: Developing multi-faceted statistics for the insightful comparison of researchers, departments, and universities. This project aimed to develop, illustrate and evaluate new measures of research quality based on quantitative analysis of the quantity, quality and diversity of citations to an individual's published research papers; to illustrate the need for multi-variate measures; to demonstrate variations between fields of study, and develop methods to account for these variations; and to evaluate the strengths and weakness of proposed statistics, in particular how transparent they are and how easily it might be manipulated.
    Funded by: STICERD
    Project duration: June 2009 - November 2009
  • Blue Gene Project
    Summary: To examine the ability of state of the art general circulation models to shadow the observations; starting with EC Earth (the models considered will vary with the permissions granted the Bluegene team. We will aim to consider both seasonal time scales and beyond, investigating the durations over which models can shadow temperature in Nino3.4 and the Atlantic Main Development region, and establish a methodology of lasting value in evaluating the relevance of large models to the insurance sector, as well as evaluating the current state of the art. This will also set the baseline for designing "climate shadowing experiments over decadal periods. In addition, we would hope to assist in climate@home the (US version of climateprediction.net) and to use the climate@home model(s) in parallel shadowing experiments, investigating experimental design incorporating the synergistic use of distributed computing informed by focused Bluegene runs.
    Funded by: Lloyd's of London, utilising Hartree Centre computational resources
  • Climate Change and the Insurance Industry (CCII)
    Summary: To develop methods to assess uncertainty in large scale mathematical models in a variety of scientific areas, particularly those models in computer simulators.
    Funded by: EC FP7 - People - Industry-Academia Partnerships and Pathways scheme.
    Grant holder: Professor Henry Wynn
    Project duration: August 2008 - July 2012
  • MUCM - Managing Uncertainty in Complex Models 
    Summary: The project was held by a consortium of five universities - Sheffield (the lead partner), Durham, Aston, Southampton and LSE. MUCM was a multidisciplinary project concerned with quantifying and reducing uncertainty in the predictions of complex models across a wide range of application areas, including basic science, environmental science, engineering, technology, biosciences, and economics. The first phase of MUCM drew to a close in September 2010 and was followed by a second two-year phase (MUCM2). There was special emphasis on a number of areas of interest to the wider CATS programme, including stochastic simulation and modelling for decision making.
    Funded by: Research Councils UK
    Principal investigator at LSE: Professor Henry Wynn
    Project duration: June 2006 - December 2012
  • ENSEMBLES - Ensemble-based Predictions of Climate Changes and their Impacts 
    Summary: To develop an ensemble prediction system of climate changes and their impacts.
    Funded by:EU 6th Framework Programme / Integrated project
    Grant reference: GOCE-CT-2003-505539-ENSEMBLES
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: LSE CATS budget £108,306
    Project duration: 1 September 2004 - 31 December 2009
  • DIME - Direct & Inverse Modelling in End-to-End Environmental Estimation  Summary: To track uncertainty, both from model inadequacy and from the unknown initial state of the atmosphere, all the way through the modelling process, to yield estimates of the uncertainty in quantities of industrial interest.
    Funded by: EPSRC-DTI Smith Institute Faraday Partnership
    Grant reference: GR/R92363/01
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £94,360 (plus industrial in-kind support from EDF Energy and Risk Management Solutions).
    Project duration: 1 March 2003 - 31 August 2005
  • REMIND - Real-time Modelling of Nonlinear Datastreams
    Summary: The analysis of time series of frequency of the national grid, extracting information on the state of the grid from very long, high resolution data sets, and on detecting imminent failure in rotating machinery from observations in the way they vibrated.
    Funded by: EPSRC-DTI Smith Institute Faraday Partnership Grant reference: GR/R92271/01
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £85,827 (plus industrial in-kind support from National Grid Company and Intertec).
    Project duration: 1 March 2003 - 28 February 2005
  • Climateprediction.net: A practical platform for ensemble Earth System Modelling
    Summary: A distributed computing project that aimed to produce predictions of the Earth's climate up to 2100 and to test the accuracy of climate models. To do this, it utilised computers of people from around the world - making use of time when they had their computers switched on, but were not using them to full capacity.
    Funded by: NERC
    Grant reference: NE/C515747/ 
    Grant holder: Myles Allen, Oxford University
    Principal Investigator at LSE: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £283,627.93
    Project duration: November 2003 - October 2006
  • Climate Variability 
    Summary: Ensemble simulations of observed climate variability.
    Funded by: University of California, San Diego
    Grant reference: 10255373
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £16,026
    Project duration: 1 November 2005 - 30 June 2006
  • Weather Risk Management 
    Summary: Improving operational weather risk management, demand forecasts and the use of joint distributions.
    Funded by: University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR)
    Grant reference: S05-54803
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £10,526
    Project duration: 16 May 2005 - 15 April 2006
  • Towards Identifying and Increasing the Socio-Economic Value of High-Impact Weather Forecasts
    Summary: To support a Pembroke research fellowship in applied probabilistic meteorology.
    Funded by: National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
    Grant reference: Lenny Smith - NOAA
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value: £94,538 
    Project duration: 1 October 2003 - 30 September 2004
  • Improved Risk Management via Probabilistic Weather Forecasts  
    Summary: Interpreting ensemble forecasts for risk analysis.
    Funded by: Royal Dutch Shell 
    Grant holder: Professor Leonard Smith
    Total value:  £21,873
    Project duration: 1 June 2002 - 1 January 2004
  • 2002 EC Marie Curie Postdoctoral Fellowship
    Held by Dr Antje Weisheimer, to work with Professor Leonard Smith within CATS on the predictability in large climate models and the uncertainty ranges for evaluation of ensemble climate forecasts.
    Project duration: 2002 - 3003

See Research Grants for current CATS research grants.

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